Wall Street Corruption


By Reza Ganjavi

The Ugliest Part of Wall Street: Jim Cramer and his cronies: Adam Feuerstein and Martin Shkreli (convicted criminal fraudster)

By Reza Ganjavi, MBA

Jim Cramer

Jim Cramer is the guru of deception and lies. A disgusting man to listen to - when I hear him talk I feel nauseou .  He boasts about deception and dishonesty: "But what's important when you're in that hedge fund mode is to not do a thing remotely truthful, because the truth is so against your view that it's important to create a new truth to develop a fiction." Jim Cramer. 

These were removed by the scum: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GOS8QgAQO-k – longer version: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gMShFx5rThI

Here are newly uploaded versions: 



Jim Cramer admits to illegal activity, manipulation, deceptive practices. This is as bad and ugly as Wall Street gets.




The convicted crook, Martin Shkreli, and Adam Feuerstein both worked for Cramer – he was their mentor and boss.

Adam Feuerstein

Adam Feuerstein (his fans have also called him as "Adumb fart stain" and "fraud stain") has been considered as the most hated journalist on Wall Street. What does journalism have to do with Wall Street? See the Cramer video above! 

He’s engaged in relentless bashing of some stocks that are heavily manipulated and shorted. 

Steven Pearlstein: “Adam Feuerstein, a biotech reporter whose relentlessly negative blog posts for thestreet.com this year have not only been filled with exaggeration, mischaracterization and half-truths, but curiously have also coincided with the spikes in short trading.” 

Adam Feuerstein and his friend Martin Shkreli are both from Cramer school. Shkreli was short big on Avanir. See notes in Avanir section below on Feuerstein’s bashing. Also Seeking Alpha was supporting Shkreli. I know this first hand. Shkreli is in prison.

Feuerstein is not a securities analyst. He has no academic credentials in finance, medicine, biology, or any other health-science. He studied Political Science!

This list of issues with Adam is long. Here’s a snapshot.

Citizens for responsibility and ethics in Washington (CREW) alleges that Adam Feuerstein is involved in stock manipulation scheme.

“CREW requested the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) investigate possible illegal manipulation of stock prices in Northwest Biotherapeutics, a biotechnology company developing cancer treatment drugs.  Strategically released blog posts by well-known biotech stock analyst and senior columnist for TheStreet.com Adam Feuerstein seem designed to cause the price of the company’s stock to fall at times when short sellers were financially overexposed.  CREW has asked the SEC and the U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of New York to conduct a full investigation of the timing of Mr. Feuerstein’s posts and their relationship to short seller financial interests.” – That completely fits the Cramer school of thought (see video above).




“It also has implied that Adam Feuerstein, a reporter for TheStreet.com, may be in cahoots with the shorts.” https://www.latimes.com/business/hiltzik/la-fi-mh-a-washington-post-columnist-takes-aim-at-shortsellers-but-misfires-20140929-column.html

Open Letter to FTC Alleges Unlawful Intent, Advertising Fraud, Deception

“This flagrant inaction to rectify obvious and possibly slanderous errors possibly establishes willful action on the part of CEO Ms. Elisabeth H. DeMarse, Adam Feuerstein, James J. Cramer & The Street, Inc. a publicly traded corporation possibly demonstrates ongoing unlawful intent in perpetrating a systematic, active and recurring Advertising Fraud and Deception within all States in the U.S. by utilizing the internet as a dissemination vehicle for possibly systematically publishing”


Spectrum Pharmaceuticals Battles the Shorts and Adam Feuerstein

“Adam's Feuerstein's Intentionally Misleading Headlines and Distorted Articles.” https://web.archive.org/web/20170309174028/http://www.exposeadam.com/

Adam Feuerstein’s inaccurate reports are becoming patient safety issue claims biomedical company CEO


Not long after the announcement, TheStreet.Com’s biomedical columnist Adam Feuerstein leveled an accusation that Oculus “appeared to be skirting U.S. drug laws by claiming that its wound-cleansing product containing common diluted bleach has drug-like therapeutic properties.” “This is becoming a patient safety issue and putting public safety at risk,” Alimi told BioMedReports in an exclusive recorded interview. “It’s no longer [about] attacking a company and the market potential and market cap. You’re damaging public safety.” Ocolus CEO felt that the publication had fallen short of reporting the truth and science behind the technology accurately. “When you haven’t done your due diligence and you don’t understand the basic chemistry of our product [and] you make recommendations like that you are putting patients’ safety at risk,” insists Alimi. “There has to be a level of integrity in the research written and I think that’s really lacking in their case.

The Truth about Adam Feuerstein

This article has a lot to say about Adam. I don’t know how much of it is true. Reader can decide for themselves: http://bioinvestor204.blogspot.com/2014/02/the-adam-feuerstein-lie-with-his.html

Collection of Adam Feuerstein Bashing Stocks


Washington Post Calls For An Investigation Into Hedge Fund Trading And Adam Feuerstein's Blogging

The article was written by Steven Pearlstein, a 2008 Pulitzer prize winner. The Post suggests that there may be a wide spread criminal conspiracy that has victimized many small biotechnology companies and their investors. The Post also focuses on the prominent role of Adam Feuerstein in this situation. https://seekingalpha.com/instablog/649685-smith-on-stocks/3312775-washington-post-calls-for-an-investigation-into-hedge-fund-trading-and-adam-feuersteins-blogging

Mr. Pearlstein highlighted the role of Adam Feuerstein, a biotech columnist for TheStreet.com. Mr. Feuerstein’s “relentlessly negative blog posts”… have curiously “coincided with the spikes in short trading” of the company’s stock. https://www.citizensforethics.org/why-did-comments-critical-of-thestreet-and-adam-feuerstein-disappear/

Short & Distort

Adam clearly doesn’t have the qualifications, credentials, education, background, medical knowledge to duel with doctors and scientists who call out his lies. So where does he get his info from? Is he merely parroting lines that he’s told? By whom? I don’t have the answer to these questions explicitely, but I do know that many hedge funds who engage in “short and distort” have medical doctors and PhD’s on their payroll who help them stir up fictions and lies. Shkreli’s company claimed to to have MD’s and PhD’s on staff.

“Short & Distory” is an age old strategy on Wall Street (see Cramer’s video above). Hedge fund lobby fiercely defended the practice at a SEC’s roundtable. Is Adam part of that scheme? Many think that he’s been. I also believe that Adam is not talking only for his own opinions. 

Jim Watson @jimbo_781 wrote (https://twitter.com/jimbo_781/status/1357866567321616385/photo/1):

Has anyone at Stat actually researched this company? It’s almost like Adam is provided pre-written talking points from his Hedge Fund buddies. Do you have an editor? Or is it that “Spiegal” guy? $cydy

Martin Shkreli

“Pharma bro” is known as the most hated man on Wall Street. In my book, he only comes after his guru, Jim Cramer, and Adam Feuerstein, as the worst of Wall Street. He’s serving a 7 year prison sentence for defrauding investors, etc.


HEDGE FUND MANAGER MARTIN SHKRELI tried to dissuade the FDA against a company I invested in, and he failed as I told him he would. Before that, he shorted another stock I owned in a manner which many felt uneasy about since his arguments seemed problematic, fictional, manipulative. There he also said he'll donate 50% of his gain to charity and agreed to be held accountable. I held him accountable as a member of public but to date he's failed to show his charity contribution.

Later on he covered his short position at a nice profit.

I wrote to him and called and exchanged emails. Here's one. The previous correspondences were to his old company MSMB CAPITAL (msmbcapital.com) doesn't seem to exist any more.

Martin Shkreli

Retrophin, Inc.

777 Third Avenue, 22nd Floor

New York, NY 10017

Telephone: (646) 837-5863

Email: info@retrophin.com

Subject:       For Martin Please     

From:           Reza Ganjavi

To:     martin@retrophin.com   (also sent later  to marc@retrophin.com, pschwartz@rxir.com since I have no idea if Martin got the mail or not despite having sent it from different accounts and requesting feedback).

Tue, 19 Mar 2013

Hi Martin

I'm writing to follow up on the pledge you made about AVNR, your assistant confirmed on February 21, 2012 that you have "committed to donating a large sum to an organization" and that you were planning a joint announcement in the near future.

It's been over a year and I haven't heard of any such announcements.

Given the fact that you made the pledge in an AVNR article (in which you misrepresented Avanir's patents before the price drops significantly), I suspect such announcement would be made to Avanir investors who were your audience at the time and were misled by your false argument on the patents.

As a reminder, you wrote an article on May 31, 2011 in which you said: "I promise to donate 50% of my personal AVNR-related profits to charity. I agree to be held accountable to this."

Since you offered, I'm holding you accountable. What charity was it donated to? When was the announcement made? What was donated?

Would appreciate an update on that.

Kind Regards

Reza Ganjavi


I never held back

Him or his assistant had told me the gift giving was a big deal and it would take time as they'd need to get lawyers and media etc. involved. As far as I know it never happened and a promise went unfulfilled. Talk is cheap I guess. I am ready to stand corrected but I've done my diligence to see if Mr. Shkreli will acknowledge his promise or not and so far have not seen any proof of it.



__________________________________________________________ .

Problem of Naked Shorting; Corruption in US Financial System

and what Dr. Patrick Byrne / DeepCapture is doing to fight it. [and related sites]

by Reza Ganjavi

Dr. Patrick Byrne: “It’s not a little corruption at the edge of the system, it’s the system!”

Related sites : http://www.thesanitycheck.com




If you don't know what shorting and naked shorting in the context of the stock market is, please Google the subjects.

The SEC’s charter is to protect the investors against abusive behavior but it has done very little so far. It has not brought a single case against illegal naked shorting.

Chairman Cox has said: “Illegal naked short selling is specially a threat to smaller public companies whose relatively thin market capitalization can be more easily manipulated.”

Chairman Cox: “The extreme abuses that are reflected in securities being chronically listed on Reg Sho’s threshold security list for months and years at a time is ample evidence that there is also fraud in the market that needs to be arrested.”

A couple of months ago when the financial turmoil heated up, the SEC temporarily banned naked short selling for 19 financial companies. Not all companies but just 19.

Richard Baker, a former representative and member of House Financial Services Committee who is now the CEO of “Managed Funds Association” which is the main US trade association for the hedge fund industry complained about this ban in an interview with Bloomberg with some arguments such as: “we don’t know what the SEC is trying to fix”. Really? Nothing is broken right?

And Mr. Bush’s SEC, as it stands today, has failed to properly police Wall Street. Want a good examople? Take a look at the naked short list.

Deepcapture.com does a great job of exposing naked shorts. Take a look at: “Deutsche Bank Sold Massive Amounts of Phantom Stock” story on that website.

There are so many examples. There is so much corruption on Wall Street and such a cleanup job to do. Hopefully in the administration will clean up this mess.

When a hedge fund pays over $100M per year in commissions it has clout. When SEC doesn't act, things get worse. SEC is supposed to be policing Wall Street. Wall Street has not and will not police itself.  

Secretary Hank Paulson: “Naked short selling is wrong anywhere. Any investor, before they sell short, should line up the stock, and that goes without saying.”


Allegation: SEC officials provided confidential information to former colleagues working on Wall Street.

Interestingly enough the Washington Post reported today that :

"Senate investigators are looking into allegations that the head of SEC’s enforcement division, Linda Thomsen, gave information about investigations into Bear Stearns to the general counsel of J.P. Morgan Chase."

Senator Charles Grassly wrote a letter to the SEC requesting feedback on this allegation and wrote:

"Such conduct would reinforce the appearance that Enforcement decisions, and disclosures of information about them, are sometimes based not on the merits, but rather on access to senior officials by influential representatives of power brokers on Wall Street."

There we go.

Speaking of Linda Thomsen, I wrote a hot letter to her last night and copied the SEC commissioners and some members of the congress. I was and am completely fed up with the fact that SEC enforcement division has not brought a case against any naked shorting abuses.

Here's the letter: <>

__________________________________________________________ .

TO: SEC Division of Enforcement, SEC Commissioners

7 August 2011, by Reza Ganjavi

Report to the Securities & Exchange Commission (SEC) to investigate trading and short-selling of Avanir (AVNR).


I am a proponent of Freedom of Speech. However, no form of freedom is absolute, and may not be abused. In the classic “short and distort” setting which the SEC is well aware of (reference: 5 May 2009 “Roundtable to Examine Short Sale Price Test and Circuit Breaker Restrictions” in which, I believe, it was Commissioner Walter who referred to the concept), this freedom is abused. The short who distorts often abuses freedom of speech. In certain cases companies who are victimized take action against such abuse, but in most cases, they don’t bother.

The purpose of this letter is to bring your attention to at least one such recent case, and also to bring to light other actions, which I believe, might  be abusive.

As in the case of the gun-shop owner in Texas who recently called the police because of a suspicious soldier, who turned out to be a terrorist, I believe, reporting suspicious activity to the SEC is prudent.

This complaint alleges that Avanir Pharmaceuticals may have been a victim of unethical and abusive short selling. Avanir (Nasdaq: AVNR) is a biopharmaceutical company focused on acquiring, developing, and commercializing novel therapeutic products for the treatment of central nervous system disorders. Within the past year it received approval for the first and only FDA-approved treatment for PBA, a debilitating condition which may occur in patients with ALS, MS, Parkinson's, Stroke, TBI, and other neurologic conditions.


As of 26 July 2011, according to Bloomberg, Avanir was the 14th largest short interest position on Nasdaq – just behind Sirius Intel Dell Yahoo Cisco Microsoft etc., with 10’s of millions of shares of volume while Avanir’s volume was 1.2 million and the market caps are not comparable. 

The short thesis has been that PBA is not a real disease, and Avanir is going after a fictitious market. Science says otherwise. Credible surveys show there are hundreds of thousands of PBA patients in the US.


The SEC, specially, its Republican Commissioners, in the roundtable stated above, have demonstrated to be pro-short selling, supposedly as a tool to help liquidity, but while Wall Street enjoys its freedom to abuse short selling, Main Street is faced with the ugly, unethical, and almost criminal side of this practice on a day to day basis – something which our policeman, the SEC, doesn’t seem to care a bit about.

I believe you will go on for years seeking public comment and holding round tables but never acting, never mandating that large short sellers publicly report their position in a timely manner. The “frontrunner” excuse is just an excuse not to act. It just lets abusive short selling, together with its abuse of freedom of speech, to rape investors and small companies. This includes using journalists, and trolls who disparage Avanir around the clock on public forums attempting to persuade investors to sell their shares by causing fear uncertainty and doubt.

I also believe you will never put a stop to this lack of pre-borrow requirement which according to every criminal justice system, except the SEC’s, is just that: criminal. It is very simple: if I sell your car without even asking you if I could borrow it, it is criminal. This criminal abise happens in the US stock market every single day: people are selling things that they don’t own and not even bothered borrowing.

The consequence of the SEC not caring about these unethical acts of “short and distort” and “lack of timely disclosure of large short positions” and “lack of pre-borrow requirement” is that innovation is killed, which in turn hurts the US and the global economy.

In the case of Avanir, the company spent years and hundreds of millions of dollars in developing its medication to help hundreds of thousands of patients in the US and many more abroad, with a debilitating condition for which no other treatment had been approved. And a bunch of unethical cunning short sellers are doing everything they can to hurt the company. Avanir has enough cash to not depend on its stock in the short term but there are many other victims of short attacks which are destroyed because they can’t raise funds at attractive prices because short sellers have killed the stock.


In a recent Tweet, Martin Shkreli (see below) wrote: “DNDN simply breathtaking-Some hedge fund careers will end tomorrow -and I'm sure a few new superstars will be born. so much 4 channel checks”. I assume what is meant by “channel checks” is insider information. What else could it mean in this context? That if “channel checks” were effective we would have known Dendreon had poor earnings. That information is not public until it’s made public. Is it that in the world of these hedge funds, receiving public information before it’s public is not unusual? Isn’t that criminal?


In 9 trading days the price of Avanir soared from $3.25 to $4.80. This translates to about $50,000,000 of losses for the short interest. Reaching $5 would have meant new funds would be eligible to buy, potentially sending the losses for short sellers into hundreds of millions of dollars as a whopping 31.6% of the float is short.

On May 23, Senator Herb Kohl, Congressman Henry Waxman, Congressman Frank Pallone, Congresswoman Diana DeGette wrote the following letter to Avanir: http://aging.senate.gov/hearing_detail.cfm?id=332993&

There are so many pharmas and so many have drugs which are much more expensive than Avanir’s. Avanir is just a new kid of the block and is just learning how to kick the ball, and just as its stock is about to reflect the true prospects for the company these congress people decide to pick on Avanir to investigate the pricing. We do not know the facts, but a lot of people, including respectable industry analysts were appalled not just by this investigation, but by its timing or considered it a non event. Influenced by shorts or not, it did set off a momentum to push the stock down.

Recently, the Senate Commission on Aging came to the conclusion that Avanir is off the hook (http://aging.senate.gov/events/hr236rpt.pdf), citing Avanir had spent $239 Million in developing the drug, etc., and outcome everybody could predict, nevertheless, the company wasted precious resources and tax payers wasted precious resources. Was this inquiry influenced by short sellers? Many believe it did. I do not know. But I collected some of the comments which can be found here: http://home.datacomm.ch/rezamusic/avanir_congress.html


Martin “Marty” Shkreli of MSMB Capital Management (212-983-1310 330 Madison Avenue, 6th Floor New York, NY 10017) is a hedge fund manager and short seller of AVNR.

Some info about his background can be found on https://sites.google.com/site/vatsire/Searching-for-Martin-Shkreli

Noteable in his background:

- Four years at Jim Cramer’s company, “Cramer Berkowitz”. I’d like to remind you of Jim Cramer’s famous statement which perfectly portrays the corrupt values of some powerful elements of Wall Street:

"But what’s important when you’re in that hedge fund mode is to not do a thing remotely truthful, because the truth is so against your view that it’s important to create a new truth to develop a fiction."

- Mr. Shkreli was sued by Lehman Brothers and a $2,300,600.00 judgment was levied against Mr. Shkreli, et al. by the Supreme Court of the State of New York.

On May 31, 2011, Mr. Shkreli published an article in which he disparaged Avanir and its patents. According to an Avanir spokesman, Shkreli’s arguments were flawed, inaccurate, and misleading. Details of his flawed arguments have been argued extensively on public forums but fact is, he is short and he uses an inaccurate argument to disparage the stock. What else is “short and distort” if not this?

The timing of this article was also suspect. It was released a few days after the Congress inquiry while the market was ignoring the congress inquiry as insignificant and the stock was beginning to rally again. The day he released the letter the stock was $4.74. Avanir was a victim of further short attacks again, the short interest rose, and the price went as low as $3 in the following weeks.

Mr. Shkreli continues to disparage Avanir in his Tweets and discourage investors from buying Avanir stock.



Mr. Feuerstein is a senior columnist for TheStreet.com, again, associated with Jim Cramer, and reportedly in contact with Martin Shkreli (according to his Tweets). He has touted and celebrated when Avanir showed a weak week sales data in the earlier stages of the launch but remained awfully quiet on many weeks when the sales data were very good. He just tweeted a statement which some interpret as making fun of PBA: “For those who haven't laughed or cried uncontrollably enough over the past 2 days, we have $AVNR earnings on Monday.”

Neither Shkreli nor Feuerstein have any academic degrees we know about which qualifies them to judge biotech companies. Here’s one website dedicated to exposing Feuerstein: http://www.exposeadam.com. “Adam Feuerstein wouldn’t know good science if it bit him in the ass" - Dr. William A. Carter


Around November 2010 Jefferies had a $10 and then $15 price target for Avanir. They underwrote a public offering for the company at a price of around $4.40. Their analyst Andrew Fein was very bullish about the stock: "To add icing to the cake, there is no black box warning on Nuedexta's label, which gives Nuedexta no restrictions in its target patient population".

Things have only gotten better since then for Avanir. Weekly script numbers have been rising. Yet short interest grew to over 33 Million shares. But Jefferies’ analyst Thomas Wei “initiated” coverage of Avanir and gave it a price target to $3.50 despite citing a $4B market potential.

Three other analysts who follow the stock all have much higher price targets (e.g. Wedbush: $13, covered by the notable analyst with excellent credentials and track record, Dr. Gregory Wade). Thomas Wei has consistently done a hatchet job on Avanir including his latest so called report which we have indication to believe it makes the short interest happy. I suspect Jefferies might have clients who hold large short interests in Avanir.

In his latest hatchet job, Thomas Wei took a stab at European estimates which he’s entitled to, but whether they’re fair or accurate, and whether they’re a part of a short-and-distort scheme or not is another question. It happened on the day the company released a good news article about Europe, and the stock had enjoyed a 7 day rally. 

I tried to contact the firm, both Mr. Wei and their CEO, Mr. Handler, for comments but either they were not reachable (Mr. Handler) or rude and refused to talk to me after giving me the run around (Mr. Wei’s organization). Other analysts who stand behind what they say are not afraid of talking with investors and journalists. Whose side is Mr. Handler on? Truth, fairness, or short sellers?

Public opinion about Jefferies’ hatchet jobs have not been kind. Jefferies has been accused of “representing the interests of those who are short”, and of being a "short propagandist”. I do not know if these charges are true or not but am only including these as a citizen journalist.

If the SEC has any interest in investigating the trades in Avanir, this tiny company’s shares, which is among the top shorted stocks on Nasdaq, you may get surprised at what you find.

The least Main Street is asking the SEC for is:

-        Enforcement of rules that require fair analyst reports which includes disclosure of number of clients who have a large short position

-        Timely public disclosure of short interest by large short sellers

-        A pre-borrow requirement

-        Criminal prosecution of “short-and-distort” incidents and not leaving it up to victimized companies to litigate civil cases against cash rich hedge fund perpetrators

I hope I have provided some tips and hints in this letter. Please investigate the trading in Avanir (AVNR) shares.

Thanks & Regards


<contact info>



Dec  2011 -- Hedge Funds & Congress in Bed !

This is incredible but is true.

"Congressmen aren’t the only ones trading on their inside info. A lucrative practice has sprung up in Washington, in which hedge funds and other investors pay handsomely for private meetings with top lawmakers or their aides, who give them an early scoop on market-moving news, the Wall Street Journal reports."





20 DEC 2011 - Jefferies & Hedge Funds

Excerpt from CNN report:


"Dozens of Jefferies (JEF) hedge fund clients are scrambling to find another investment bank where they can warehouse client's money and execute trades, according to sources in the prime brokerage divisions at three competing banks. These sources said they spent all day Thursday fielding calls from hedge funds who could be potential clients....Jefferies has roughly 400 hedge fund clients that use its prime brokerage services to execute trades. It typically takes months, if not years, to win new hedge fund clients.... two sources said they inked deals with several Jefferies customers Thursday and were in constant conversations all day about signing on other clients. Lehman's demise killed several hedge funds and made operations difficult for others. "

400 Hedge Fund clients !!

Are any of them part of the gang which is short 29 Million share of Avanir?  If so, is Jefferies trying to cater to these hedge funds by writing their poor quality reports about Avanir ?

20 DEC 2011 - Jefferies Journalist Distortion

Last week an article hit the wire that totally misrepresented Avanir. It stated a big big flat out lie about Avanir -- very harmful to Avanir's image. Reminded me of SEC's notion of "Short and Distort" but who's to provide proof and who's to investigate it. Nobody. So I tried.

Unlike other analysts who are civilized polite courteous respectful, if you try to call Jefferies' analysts they are rude and don't talk to you. If you're not a client, for example, one of those hedge funds, you have no chance to get a straight answer. I tried but no chance. So I went straight to the CEO and demanded an answer to what appeared to be a latest hatchet job. The call found its way to assistant of their chief council and eventually I got an email back from him saying Thomas Wei's report was distorted by some journalist. Was I a bit surprised? 400 hedge funds, analyst who regularly has a negative tone, and now how surprising that a so called research report has turned into another hatchet job. I called the journalist. They corrected the article on their website. Didn't correct the "pushed" version b/c that would be reissue of a hatchet job. Meanwhile I found a couple of high powered NY securities lawyers and a friend's friend who's a high powered tort litigation lawyer and we had good discussions. If in fact this "error" was Jefferies, they'd end up paying handsomely but for now they're off the hook.  Needless to say given the level of disgust and intensity, the journalist was very cooperative. I asked him to publish another analyst's fresh report that has a price upgrade on Avanir. He agreed. I got the report and sent it to him and provided info so next time they get this analyst's report too.

The saga continues...

15 OCT 2011 - Letter about Jefferies

A friend wrote:

"it's highly unethical that Jefferies was the LEAD underwriting on Avanir's secondary offering at $4.40 and reiterates a Buy with a $15 price target! Months later some new analyst Wei says we INITIATE coverage (like you didn't already have coverage), with a $3.50 price target WHEN the stock was heading to $5.00 at the time of Wei's statement! Hopefully the SEC is looking into this potential conflict of interest!"

I agree with him. If this stock was so bad why did they think it would go up over 300% and then say they're "initiating" and attack just as it was about to go over $5 which would have been devastating for shorts. One thing for sure is Jefferies is no friend of Avanir.

13 OCT 2011 - Letter to Jefferies

I sent a letter to Jefferies after hearing that they may be fronting for shorts. I don't know if this information is true or not but I have read their analyst Thomas Wei's reports and would not be shocked if this information is true.

I sent the letter to the following (not sure if the email addresses are correct but none of them bounced but their email server is not set up for catch all so false emails do bounce back).

MBrinkman@Jefferies.com : Michael Brinkman (who was involved in the raise that Jefferies did for Avanir last year)

bfriedman@jefferies.com : Brian P. Friedman CPA, 55 Director, Chairman of Exec. Committee and Pres of Jefferies Capital Partners

twei@jefferies.com : Thomas Wei, Biotech analyst

rhandler@jefferies.com : Richard B. Handler, CEO, President, Jefferies Group Inc. 520 Madison Avenue - 10th Floor New York, NY 10022 United States 212-284-2300

The information that I referred to was the following which was stated by a person whom I think is credible based on his history (but I do not know if the following statement is true or not).

"As a favour I asked my friend to check with the fund's traders to see what the "inside look" is on AVNR.

He came back with two things. Jefferies is a big buyer lower with blocks of 400,000 shs to buy at $3.14 and 200,000 shs to buy at $3.08 and 200,000 shs to buy at $3.11.

The second thing is that Goldman Sachs - the prime broker for this hedge fund says there are NO SHARES OF AVNR AVAILABLE TO SHORT.

The third thing is that there is very little stock for sale. Currently the sellers include Raymond James and Stifel.

So my friends it is true.

The shorts are trapped and will have to cover higher.

And imo it appears Jefferies is fronting for the shorts."

Source: http://messages.finance.yahoo.com/Business_%26_Finance/Investments/Stocks_(A_to_Z)/Stocks_A/threadview?bn=27718&tid=287063&mid=287063

I gave it to Jefferies. That if it is true that they're fronting for the shorts they should reconsider it, and shared my opinion that shorts should bite the bullet and cover. I also reminded them of the ethical issues and consequences of being on the side of the shorts, if it's true, and if not, I apologized.

24 DEC 2011 Response to Jefferies' email:

Dear Sir:

The "error" sees to be on the part of the journalist. I talked to the media source that terribly distorted Jefferies news about Avanir and made it look like gaining patients was losing patients -- very bad stuff and highly damaging to Avanir -- they admitted it was their error -- what's behind the scenes no-one knows. You know given all the corruption and collusion on Wall Street I can't make head and tail of it. I am not accusing you and the press to be in bed but it does happen on Wall Street. Big influential hedge fund have analysts and journalists and brokers in their pockets. This is not a mystery.

As for ethics you must have heard Jim Cramer's famous remarks about how truth is against the short sellers' agenda. So in my opinion, there's something inherently corrupt about short selling, and despite the new rules market makers can naked short without much worry.

I have no idea what Jefferies is up to with regards to Avanir. I know you have some 400 hedge fund clients. I also know Avanir has over 29 Million shares shorted. How many shares your clients have shorted if any is unknown. SEC knows who the big shorts are but they're protecting their names so shorts have a ball in this day and age.

I just read http://money.cnn.com/2011/11/03/markets/jefferies_hedgefunds/index.htm which didn't surprise me.

The sentiments against Jefferies and Mr. Wei's hatchet jobs have been strong -- it kind of comes intuitively to some people reading Wei's reports that he's trying to bat for the shorts. But we have no way of proving this.

I read recently a person writing the following sentiment about Jefferies.

"I am happy to watch Socialisms crony capitalist enablers like Corzine and now Jeffries finally pay the price and have the real results of their plans exposed for all to see. Hopefully Jeffries downfall will eliminate their ability to control AVNR's stock price. One crack in their control, at a time when AVNR is in a position to declare ramping sales, could be all we need to burn these shorts. 30,000,000 shares @ 10.00 is 300,000,000. Traders that suffer that kind of hickey will be history. Lets hope Jeffries and their hedge fund lackeys burn in hell. LONG AND STRONG AND ANGRY AS HELL. Paul"

In closing, I remind you that if you guys are involved in protecting and helping these people who are large shorts in Avanir I tell you you're batting on the side of evil. Avanir is trying to help people improve their lives and these short sellers are out to destroy Avanir in order to make a dollar in a very unethical way. Very bad Karma. I and many other people have a guess that Jefferies might be a part of this action but that is just a guess, not an accusation because we have no proof of it but only hints. If that is true, I invite you to clean up your act and run a respectable ethical business.



By the way check out www.avnr.info   (Except you Mr. Wei. There are facts there I think you prefer to ignore).

24 Dec 2011 Another Letter to SEC


Congratulations on your recent winnings against illegal short sellers. I hope you build up on that momentum. Maybe you can have a look at the shorting of AVNR.

Jefferies has some 400 hedge fund client.

Avanir (Nasdaq: AVNR) has been under regular attacks by Jefferies' analyst Thomas Wei.

This month an article was published which totally falsified Avanir -- JEF says the journalist twisted it -- but there's so much corruption that it's hard to believe anybody. I reported this before knowing it's the journalist's fault and then reported back saying it wasn't JEF's fault but we just don't know what occurs behind the scenes. As you know pwerful hedge funds have brokers analysts and journalists in their pockets.

AVNR has been manipulated (in my and many people's opinions) by a short interest  of over 29,000,000 shares (1/4 of the float).  Shorts made the wrong bets from pre-FDA approval all the way through launch. Sales rose 100%  Q-over-Q. Over 70% of shares are owned by institutions.

A discussion on JEF and a past letter to SEC is on  http://home.datacomm.ch/rezamusic/SEC_Avanir.html

Unfortunately I don't have much evidence for you. But the wild card is in the hands of the SEC because you know who the large shorts in AVNR are.

Many people believe JEF has takes the negative attitudes it takes to possibly help shorts but we do not know if this is true by way of evidence.

Also as you know market makers are allowed to naked short a stock (almost to death) and get away with it.

It's up to you what you do but I thought I'd share this with you.

Merry Christmas and Happy New year.

Kind Regards

A beat up "Main Street" investor (vs. Wall Street's crooks).

__________________________________________________________ .


 Note: Avanir was manipulated by Martin Shkreli and others down to the $2 range. These scum hedgies were all wrong. Avanir was later acquired for $17 a share!! But the manipulation was orchestrated wide and deep. Here’s a file of letters and notes I produced on it at the time. Features the usual suspects including Adam Feuerstein.



 Letters/postings about investigation of Avanir by 4 members of congress which many believe is ridiculous.

 Note: as I had no way of verifying authors of these letters, if you authored one and do not want it reprinted here please let me know ((info {at} rezamusic {dot} com)). I am merely hosting this content and am not responsible for what others have written. The reason I decided to reprint this is because I share some of the sentiments expressed below and believe this inquiry might have been influenced by those who have a large short position in the stock. The timing of the inquiry as one analyst put it, is "very interesting". It occurred just as the stock was on a strong rally after a long period of being depressed, and under attack of short sellers who've kept increasing their position. Just recently the stock started to move up and boom, we have an investigation the content of which is funny !! (read below).

My letter to House Committee on Ethics

“I am writing to you in your capacity as a member of the House Committee on Ethics.

As an investor in Avanir Pharmaceuticals I became aware that Representative Henry Waxman along with 3 colleagues ( Representative Frank Pallone, Representative Diana DeGette and Senator Herb Kohl ) decided that Avanir Pharmaceuticals was in need of an investigation of the pricing of a very recently approved FDA compound for the treatment of a neurological disorder. Given that the drug has barely been on the market for any length of time this is unusual. Even more interesting is the fact that Avanir Pharmaceuticals is one of the most heavily shorted stocks on the stock market. Basically the shorts placed bad bets that the FDA would not approve their neurological compound known as Neudexta. But the FDA did approve the drug and consequently the short selling hedge funds are facing the possibility of a successful drug resulting in a financially ruinous situation for themselves. This brings us to an interesting coincidence when we consider this sudden decision by Representative Waxman to investigate Avanir and their pricing structure as regards Nuedexta. Keep in mind that Nuedexta is so new a product that its prescription count is low and is just starting to become known within the neurological medical community. Even more interesting is the connection that Representative Waxman has to a political contributor of his, a legal firm Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld that happens to represent Short Selling Strategy Funds. On June 14, 2011 Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld's Civic Action Committee will hold a fundraiser for none other than Representative Henry Waxman.

And so the circle closes. Avanir Pharmaceuticals spend many years and $200,000,000 to get Nuedexta approved under the FDA's safety and efficacy guidelines. Wall Street's Short Selling Hedge Funds place a ruinous financial bet against Avanir's success and here Congressman Henry Waxman and 3 like minded colleagues decide that Avanir needs to be investigated for trying to recoup its and its investor's costs ? This isn't right. When companies such as Avanir Pharmaceuticals are punished for innovation and following the rules no matter how costly the endeavour and then are denied an opportunity to recoup their costs and demonized beacuse they may actually at some future date turn a profit then one can soon see the day where no one can afford to take chances and succeed. That is what America is about after all - taking chances and succeeding !

I request that you and your colleagues on the House Committee on Ethics look into this matter.

Thank You”

Extract from Summer Street’s Conference Call

“We hosted a conference call with a manufacturing consultant to discuss the differences between GMP manufactured medicines and compounded drugs. Compounded drugs are requested on a named patient basis and are prepared that way. When done in hospital pharmacies,

there are inherently a lack of controls for sterility, stability, and potency. This situation may be more dangerous for injectable biologics than small molecules. Nevertheless, we are confident that there is inherit danger

for patients to compound generic versions of dextromethorphan and quinidine to match Nuedexta for PBA. We believe the congressmen who submitted an inquiry letter to Avanir about Nuedexta are uninformed

and have gone after the wrong product and company.

• Our consultant commented that the letter sent to AVNR was unreasonable and could be sent to every drug manufacturer. The two-page letter asks for confidential company information and correspondence that spans at least 10 years. This is nearly impossible to compile within a few weeks and is unreasonable, in our consultant’s view.

• Sterility is a key issue when deciding to compound.

• Other key issues include stability and potency. “

[And the list goes on]


You can write her too at healthblog@wsj.com

For Katherine Hobson


I'm a financial journalist in.......and read with interest your piece on the congressional investigation into the pricing of Avanir's Nuedexta.

Leaving aside the questions about whether AVNR has indeed priced the drug irresponsibly, I think another part of the story is why this investigation now and why this company?

AVNR is a small under the radar biotech which just happens to be one of the most heavily shorted stocks on NASDAQ. The stock is highly manipulated and very volatile.

Right before the story broke about the looming investigation, AVNR's stock price had raced higher on heavy volume and was close to breaking through a critical resistance area to the upside. Very good news about market acceptance of Nuedexta and prescription growth precipitated the upside move.

Then, boom, news of the letter from Waxman, et al hit the wire. As one covering analyst from Wedbush put it: The timing is "interesting".

I think it would be worth looking into how little known AVNR got on the radar of congress and whether some behind the scenes influence from the shorts was/is at play here. The shorts stand to lose a huge amount of money if the price of AVNR stock continues to move up (as it did today).


To: The Honorable Jo Bonner

Chairman, House Ethics Committee

1015 Longworth House Office Building

Washington, DC 20515

Dear Chairman Bonner:

Yesterday, three of your congress members, along with Senator Kohl, were signatories on a letter to Avanir Pharmaceuticals. In this letter your colleagues made misleading or false allegations that could have caused irreparable harm to this company. A Congressional investigation is not a small matter and your colleagues must evidence a clear understanding of its potential devastation to the reputation of individuals and companies.

I am an investor in Avanir and have been for over 30 years so I know the history of this company very well. They have worked diligently to develop a drug called Nuedexta which controls PBA (uncontrolled laughing or crying), a debilitating and isolating condition that can ruin a person’s life. After many years of work and millions of dollars of investment, the drug was finally approved by the FDA in November. Now, just as the company is beginning to reap some very small rewards, your colleagues have decided they know more about pricing the product than the management team that developed it.

These congress people and this senator are trying to cast this drug as too easy so it is therefore overpriced. If it was so simple why didn’t someone develop it many years ago? If it was so obvious why didn’t someone else spend millions on research and development costs before Avanir did? And those costs were incurred at the risk of never seeing a dime of return. How can these people function as protectors of the American way of life when they don’t even understand how it works?

Chairman Bonner, this event deserves some serious inquiry on the part of your committee. Congressman Waxman is keen to haul individuals and companies before his committees; it is high time he had to answer for his own transgressions. He, and your other involved members, should have to answer the questions: Who authored this letter? Who stood to gain from the doubt this letter would cast on Avanir? Are you aware of a single pharmacist who ever compounded the product developed by Avanir for $20? If you don’t, where did that number come from? If none of you wrote the letter why would you sign it without verifying its accuracy? Why was this company singled out?

These Congress people and this Senator are likely to have acted as unwitting pawns for investment interests as yet undiscovered. Your committee should have the gumption, the curiosity, the honorable intent to find out who was actually behind the letter’s origin. It was NOT a grandma in Detroit.

In the end, these members should be severely chastised for so blatantly disregarding their responsibility to act without prejudice in conducting the people’s business. We deserve much better than we received in this instance.

Thank you for considering this suggestion and the best of luck in all of your endeavors. You have a very difficult job, Chairman Bonner. If this is any example of what you have to police I’m guessing you don’t lack for something to do.

My very best,

Analyst Note

In research report, Wedbush writes, "On Tuesday after market close, the US Special Committee on Aging issued a press release detailing a hearing to be held regarding NUEDEXTA pricing. Response from AVNR has been requested by June 10, 2011; additional details about the inquiry are at http://aging.senate.gov/hearing_detail.cfm?id=332984&

We see no material impact on NUEDEXTA sales given this inquiry and view this as potentially a positive opportunity that will result in greater visibility of the product.

Any weakness in AVNR shares caused by this event would be a buying opportunity, in our opinion. The timing of this inquiry is “interesting”, in our opinion, considering the recent run up in the stock and high short interest in the name."

Waxman-hedge fund link? Judge for yourself...

Check out he bottom of page. Note the fund raiser on 6/14/11 and the Host - Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld


What is Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld?


Read the "Our Clients" section. It includes "short selling strategy funds".

I find this interesting, to say the least.

Beneficiaries: Henry Waxman

Since when does a steak cost thousands of dollars?????

Who is calling the kettle black? I can't even afford a cup of ice at these prices:

When: June 14, 2011

What: Dinner

Where: Charlie Palmer Steak

Host(s): Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld Civic Action Committee, AT&T Inc Federal PAC

Beneficiaries: Henry Waxman

Contributions: $2,000 PAC; $1,000 Personal

Make Checks Payable To: Congressman Waxman Campaign Committee

When: September 30, 2010

What: Cocktail Reception

Where: Johnny's Half Shell

Beneficiaries: Henry Waxman

Contributions: $5,000 Co-Host; $2,500 PAC; $1,000 Individual

When: October 27, 2009

What: Cocktail Reception

Where: Charlie Palmer Steak

Beneficiaries: Henry Waxman

Contributions: $5,000 Co-Chair; $2,500 PAC; $1,000 Individual

Make Checks Payable To: Congressman Waxman Campaign Committee

When: June 23, 2009

What: Breakfast

Where: Charlie Palmer Steak

Host(s): Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld Civic Action Committee

Beneficiaries: Henry Waxman

Contributions: $2,000 Sponsor; $1,000 Guest

Make Checks Payable To: Congressman Waxman Campaign Committee

When: September 18, 2008

What: Cocktail Reception

Where: Charlie Palmer Steak

Beneficiaries: Henry Waxman

Contributions: $5000 co-chair, $1000 guest

Make Checks Payable To: Congressman Waxman Campaign Committee

When: September 20, 2006

Where: Johnny's Half Shell

Beneficiaries: Henry Waxman

Contributions: $5,000 Co-Chair; $1,000 Guest

Make Checks Payable To: Congressman Waxman Campaign Committee

Short Lobby

Folks, I talked to an analyst. He said he's not worried about this at all and doesn't think they company is worried about it either. It's flat out a stupid step.

The analyst said it's all about script numbers and once the stock marches past $5 shorts have to think hard if they want to maintain their position or cover (covering is smarter as big funds qualify after $5).

I am convinced it's the short lobby that's behind the investigation.

Here are their fax numbers. Don't rely on email. Fax them your letters.

Representative Waxman

Fax (202) 225-4099

Fax (323) 655-0502

Senator Kohl

Fax: (202) 224-9787

Fax: (414) 297-4455

Here's my letter:

"Concerning your investigation of Avanir, I am afraid you may have fallen for the lobbying of big hedge funds who have shorted over 30 million shares of Avanir. The timing of the announcement perfectly coincides with a rally which would have caused these shorts 100's of millions of dollars in losses but instead they got a much needed relief. The allegation is utterly bogus and frivolous. Knowing what good men you are, I suspect the short sellers have tricked you into this.

I can assure you, this company has been working very hard, in the most difficult condition and with huge expenses, to bring their drug to market to help people who have no other treatment.

The only parties benefiting from your investigation are hedge funds who have short sold a quarter of the stock's float. Please be on the side of Main Street not Wall Street and drop your absolutely ridiculous investigation of Avanir.

Thank you"

Has Avanir Been Unjustly Targeted for a Congressional Pricing Inquiry? 

May 25, 2011 3:06 PM | about stocks: AVNR

By Bert Wilkison

Shares of Avanir Pharmaceuticals (AVNR) had recently risen by more than 20% over a two week span due to improving and increasingly impressive weekly prescription data for its flagship product, Nuedexta. Nuedexta is a drug used for the treatment of pseudobulbar affect, a disease which is characterized by involuntary, sudden, and frequent episodes of laughing and/or crying. It can dramatically alter its sufferers' qualtiy of life.

No sooner did Avanir begin to silence some of its critics (and some "journalists") by demonstrating success in the market than it received a most peculiar letter from the US Congress, specifically the Senate Special Committee on Aging. It was signed by Herb Kohl, Henry Waxman, Frank Pallone and Diana DeGette. In the letter, Avanir seems to be accused of charging too much for its recently FDA approved product.

Congress Batting For Short Hedge Funds

Good post Burt. I called the chair on behalf of the elderly myself at the number listed (202) 224-5364 and left a complaint. They are opening themselves up to investigation and lawsuits into why and how they specifically targeted AVNR.

This Congressional complaint is nothing more than a pat on the back to the hedgefunds and a slap in the face to the investors that have been following and tracking AVNR for years. If you count all the cash AVNR has burned on this pipeline pill, from start to finish, it is easily 100's of millions of dollars of RND. Then count advertising, salesmen/women, doctors, employees, lawyers, congressional complaint responses.

This is nothing more than a joke. I take a medication that costs roughly $1000 per monthly supply. Cost to me is about $80 a month, because i have insurance. If we are going to start counting pennies, lets ask apple how much it costs to make an IPOD or IPHONE that is manufactured in China? I can tell you that the medication i take, does not cost nearly the price that they are charging, it is all based off RND and patents. This senate subcommittee apparently thinks we live in China and are communists.

Final thoughts -- Lawsuits are going to start flying against hedge funds, shorts, the street and these jokers for being swayed by some squeaky wheels that are losing money based on manipulation of the stock market.


My letter to the crooked Congressman and those scums at The Street (Yes you Adam Feuerstein)

I am a shareholder of Avanir Pharmaceuticals and I have held and accumulated their shares over the past 3 years.

I am nothing but a retail investor using my retirement money to invest in something that hopefully will make me some money since I know you will never do anything to fix the Social Security system to allow me to receive one penny of that even though I have paid into that system for 25 years now and will pay into it for another 30 years so basically this is all I got to count on for my future.

I believe Avanir was doing something very valuable to help those with MS Pain, Diabetic Nueropathic Pain and of course their approval for Nuedexta to help treat PBA which is crucial for quality of living for patients with ALS, MS, Tramatic Brain Injury, etc.

Avanir did not ask for a government bailout to get the drug through the lengthy FDA approval process, they did not cause oil to go to $100 a barrel, they did not create the housing crisis, they did not cause gold to go to $1500 an ounce, and they did not cause food prices to go up because of $7 per bushel corn prices. Avanir invested their own money and the money of shareholders to get them to the point where they could market and sell the drug and now you want to come out and attempt to keep them from recouping their investment and making enough money to pay their employees and continue to invest in future research and drug approval to improve the quality of life for these patients.

Now that the drug is finally paying off for investors, our government, the same one that made Avanir wait an additional 4 years and spend millions on additional research to market this drug, is now saying they’re making too much money. Avanir isn't even making enough money from Nuedexta to pay for their yearly expenses. There is no way they will make enough to ever recoup the last 10 years of investment in getting to this stage of marketing and drug launch.

This inquiry is a waste of time and taxpayer money and I'm 100% positive there is something better you could be doing. I seriously wonder about its motivation since there are dozens of other pharmaceutical companies and large corporations who are gouging customers everyday but yet you choose a small company that has just now started to begin to work its way to just possible breaking even within maybe 18 months from now. Do you also question how much it costs Microsoft to make a DVD copy of Windows 7 but yet they charge alot more than that $1 dollar DVD.

I would love to know who brought this to your attention because that is who you should be investigating is their motive and the affect that had on the stock price.

I have worked at government facilities during my time in the military and my time as an electrical engineer doing work on military programs and if you are worried about waste start focusing on that because that is nothing more than middle class welfare. When I look around and people are sleeping and reading magazines during work hours and I'm the only one working it makes me wonder when the last time someone walked through these military depots and questioned these government workers and why they get paid $50,000 to $100,000 to do absolutely nothing. Of course you don't care about wasting taxpayers money you only care about creating an environment where small companies can't make a profit to recoup their investment and make money to do further research and bring new drugs to market.

Thank you for contributing to further market manipulation by hedge funds and those who have shorted this stock. You and your colleagues are exactly what is wrong with this country.

My new goal is to make sure you and your colleagues are not re-elected because there is no way this is what I want my government getting involved in when there are so many more pressing issues in the world and especially in the United States.

Note: I was a democrat until I saw this when I woke up this morning. I will never vote democrat again if this is what they want to pull against a company just trying to get back to even!


I strongly believe that some big hedge fund guys or investors who are big time short on this stock have bribed some congressional people a few million dollars to target Avanir and are trying their best to derail this company's growth.



Something about this whole scenario just seems foul, doesn't it, Bert? Your article is well written, stating what some have thought, but would rather not say. Well done.



Nothing more than the obvious...tactic to allow short friends to cover. Wonder how many Wall Street "friends" the old boys in Washington are saving with this dog and pony stunt. They all have to go...


The shorts must be somewhat surprised

A suspiciously timed and very rapidly publicized (uhmm) letter to Avanir from Congress, and they just get a 10% drop (from the top yesterday). Notice the volume has dried up... their big down day didn't happen... no chance to cover in the 3s as they expected. Not sure they have many bullets left

Don't forget we are massively owned by institutions. They have a few phone numbers in their rolodex too.

A lot going on behind the scenes here folks...

Even AF includes in his article:

"The timing of this inquiry is 'interesting', in our opinion, considering the recent run up in the stock and the high short interest in the name," Wade added.



Yes It is amazing... How powerful the shorts must be, to make a senate committee enquire about a small bio tech company.. CROOKS RULE!!



This is the e-mail I sent:

Dear Mr. Waxman,

I am a shareholder of Avanir Pharmaceuticals. I have held and accumulated their shares over the past 10 years.

You see, my stock in Avanir was originally going to be the cornerstone for my college account for my children. In 2002 I learned of what was to become Nuedexta. It was a combination of two older drugs. Avanir had combined 30 mg of Dextromethorphan with 30 mg of Quinidine. The drug was very effective at controlling emotional lability, where people cannot control whether they laughed or cried. The condition is suffered by MS, ALS, stroke and traumatic brain injury patients, among others. The efficacy of the combination was off the charts.

The company made a new drug application with the FDA. On Halloween, 2006, the FDA made its decision: the drug was “approvable”, but not approved. The FDA said there was a potential risk to heart patients because of the Quinidine component-specifically, it made the QTc interval too high. So the FDA told Avanir to go back to the drawing board. So Avanir did. They did a whole new Phase III trial of the drug, under two formulations: 30 mg Dex and 10 mg Q, and 20/10. Four long years later (during which I got to accumulate shares at 45 cents apiece), the drug was approved. Now, after all this time, it’s on the market. Patients with these terrible diseases are getting relief from this distressing condition. Sales are ramping up. Finally, I am making money on my investment. Of course one of my daughters is now out of college, but that’s the way it goes in the investment world sometimes.

Now, your office in its wisdom decides this drug is frankly, a ripoff. It’s a combination of two generic drugs! How hard can that be? How expensive can that be?

Many great ideas look simple in hindsight. This new medicine was the product of YEARS of trials. Now that the drug is finally paying off for investors, our government, the same one that made Avanir wait an additional 4 years and spend millions on additional research to market this drug, is now saying they’re making too much money.

This inquiry you’ve initiated is a waste of time and taxpayer money. I seriously wonder about its motivation. If you want to call me about this, I’ve got my number listed below.


Sentiment : Buy



It was right at the point of breakout (see volume by price - and some powerful people with deep pockets were about to lose big.

So they called their friendly crook in congress and HURRIEDLY scrapped together this abortion of a letter, adding the other pharma to it as a smokescreen.

It can't have taken more than 2 hours to scrape together the crappy 'research', from S.A. etc. and to make a couple of meaningless bullet point questions - to which the answers are ALREADY mainly in the public domain anyhow.

What a crooked political environment you guys have over there.

And all they could do was precipitate a mere 7% retrace after a run up from 3.60. On anemic volume./

What a crock.



The inquiry you’ve initiated as stated in your letter made public is based on erroneous information.

There is adequate public information to answer the questions you raised. The pointed focus on a small company, among one of the most highly shorted, that has played by the rules over many years and that is in a hard earned roll out phase of a large investment and meaningful accomplishment should be explained to the SEC or an investigative reporter willing to look at the facts and motivations. Hopefully an inquiry will illuminate your interest or ignorance in participating in attempting to sabotage an innovative company. If you waste the public trust on this you’ll prove no wrongdoing other than your own.

Focusing on this company with incorrect statements made public is unethical and appears intended to manipulate the stock price.



I sent the following letter to my congressman, for what it's worth.



I am writing in regard to Avanir Pharmaceuticals' new drug, Neudexta.

First, my disclosure: I am a shareholder of Avanir. My stake is not large, but I have been through the ups and downs, including the FDA rejection, and thought that with the recent approval and the commencement of marketing I was finally seeing the light at the end of the tunnel.

Now Senator Kohl and Representatives Waxman, Pallone, and DeGette have requested information from Avanir Pharmaceuticals about the pricing of their newly approved drug, Neudexta, implying that their price is exorbitant. I find this extremely inappropriate.

Pharmaceutical companies spend billions of dollars developing drugs, navigating an arduous (and often ludicrous) FDA approval system, and marketing the drugs. This will not happen if they can't make a profit from their labors. Is congress willing to subsidize all pharmaceutical research? If not, they need to stay out of the pricing game.

Yes, the ingredients are cheap. The process to get them to those who need them is not. Avanir must recoup years of enormous losses and generate sufficient income to develop future drugs, including all of those attempts that will fail. Is there a serious effort underway to price drugs at the cost of their ingredients?

I understand and share the concern over high health costs, but it simply doesn't make sense to destroy the funding that produces new medicines. These companies get money in essentially two ways: selling stock and selling medicine. The former requires that the company be profitable, and the latter requires that companies price their products appropriately. That is, investors will not fund these companies if the companies can't make a profit, and the market will dictate an appropriate price without help from Congress. Forcing a low price hurts the company in both ways.

Finally, I note in passing that there are many more significant pharmaceutical companies with more expensive drugs that have been making huge profits for years. It makes me wonder why Avanir is the one under scrutiny. (I don’t believe those other companies should have their prices regulated by Congress, either.)

Please register my discontent with the committee. I recognize that I appear to have a bias (and probably do) since I invested in the company, but I believe in these principles regardless of my position with respect to the stock. That just happens to be how I came to know of the issue.

Thank you,




And how about the money that will be expended by Avanir for future trials for pain and other uses? Where is that money going to come from? Congress? What a crew of idiots.



Today Senator Kohl, Congresspersons Waxman, Pallone and DeGette were signatories on a letter addressed to Avanir Pharmaceuticals. In the letter, much of which was easily proven false, these individuals in essence proposed that they were better qualified to price Avanir's new FDA approved drug than the management team who developed it.

The most obvious question for a news agency would be....and I sincerely hope you press them until you get a real answer....WHO wrote/created this letter? Since a great deal of it is false no one is going to want to take credit. But if they won't take credit then why would they allow they're signature under a document that is both false and anathema to both the spirit and function of the free enterprise system?

Is this the proof we've been waiting for that the Democratic Party does not believe in Capitalism? If they propose to go after one small company that has worked tirelessly for many years, spent millions of dollars in development costs, created many new jobs to market the product, then who is next. Will they go after Borden for excessive milk prices? How about General Mills for cereal prices? Are they going to suggest wage controls next?

Beyond the issue of being dumb enough to sign a document they didn't understand, a larger question would be, who had enough influence with these members of congress to get them to use power and influence to harm a fledgling company with a superior product? Could it be a hedge fund that has taken a short position in this stock? The same hedge funds that marched the US economy into near oblivion? Is that who these congressmen and women are in bed with? And if they didn't have a personal interest in the stock manipulation that was obviously going on, how could they be dumb enough to be used in this manner.

This could be a tremendous story to develop. Roast those people because they are either incredibly gullible or complicit in a clear case of stock manipulation. You might also note that the stock took a late day tumble yesterday so it wouldn't be too difficult to surmise someone was aware that letter would be issued. It's the most obvious case of crooked or stupid politicians you could ever ask to investigate.

The last thing the American public wants is Congress trying to set prices. And they will be incensed by the stock manipulation value of this story. Also, when they try to weasle out of the corner by saying the drug is a combination of two common components you might be ready with examples of any number of patented items made up of common components. It's the vision and insight to combine them into something new and valuable that makes them patentable.

Thanks for listening. And when your station gets the Pulitzer Prize for Journalism I hope you remember me.



Sen. Herb Kohl and Reps. Henry Waxman, Frank Pallone and Diana DeGette, all Democrats, want Avanir to explain why, if those drug components were so inexpensive (they say, about $20 a month), the price of Nuedexta is $600. Adam Feuerstein at TheStreet.com actually says the price is more like $4,800 to $5,800 a year, depending on discounts, or between $400 and $483 a month.

I for one am appalled that Avanir’s Nuedexta product is being targeted by some of our members of congress. Not only is the letter poorly written, some of the information in it is completely false. Notably this sentence – “Doctors and patients were understandably upset at the news that this drug, once available for about $20, was now going to be $600. ” This drug was NEVER AVAILABLE FOR 20$.

What entity is behind this near slander? What is the motivation here for targeting a newly approved FDA drug that has enormous potential for improve quality of life?

Millions of dollars have been put into the clinical development and safety trials for this drug. This drug has so much to offer for patients with PBA, diabetes, ALS, Alzheimers, etc. Later this year Avanir plans to initiate phase two trials for a MS pain indication and more indications will surely come. The price of development and research costs money and Avanir has the right to correctly price their new drug according to what the market will pay.



By Reza Ganjavi 

SEC’s Roundtable on Regulating Short-Selling was a Replay of Waxman Hearings on Regulating Tobacco

DATE:            11 May 2009

TO:                 Honorable Madam Chairman Mary L. Schapiro

CC:                 SEC Commissioners, Selected Members of Congress

FROM:           Reza Ganjavi

SUBJECT:      Critique of SEC’s Roundtable on Short Selling Regulation

Dear Honorable Madam Chairman Mary L. Schapiro:

I am writing to humbly give you feedback on the 5 May 2009 “Roundtable to Examine Short Sale Price Test and Circuit Breaker Restrictions” which I watched with great interest.

First off, it was a pleasure to see both your interview with Bloomberg and you chairing the panel discussion on short selling on May 5. Your nomination has been one of President Obama's best moves so far. Congratulations to you and the country for having such a fine SEC Chairwoman. I hope your actions will speak louder than words and that my optimism is correct. So far, you seem to have shaken up the SEC in a good way.

I agree with those who believe the SEC has been asleep at the wheel or that it’s been a “joint venture between the Government and Wall Street.” Its awakening is long overdue. Good luck in your efforts in really protecting investors and not criminal manipulators which many hedge funds are, in one form or another, whether they’ve been convicted of it or not. I remind you that prior to your engagement, the SEC had not, and to my knowledge, and to date still has not, prosecuted a single case against illegal, criminal naked shorting. The SEC has a long long way to go to get out of its apparent siding with Wall Street and win the confidence of Main Street investors.

Here are some of my observations and opinions about the Roundtable:

In general I was surprised by the makeup of the first two panels which to a large majority represented the interest of Wall Street, not Main Street. Invesco and Fidelity, both as Wall Street as you can get, shamelessly said they are representing Main Street because of their individual investor accounts. Nobody asked them about how much fees they get from institutional investors and large hedge funds who spend billions of dollars in fees and have analysts, journalists, and brokers in their pockets. This is not a matter of fad, but a matter of fact.

The testimonies reminded me of the famous “Waxman Hearings” on the Regulation of Tobacco Products on April 14, 1994, by the House’s Subcommittee on Health and the Environment chaired by Representative Waxman in which the "7 Dwarves", the 7 CEOs of Big Tobacco shamelessly testified, under oath, that "nicotine is not addictive".

I could not believe that Fidelity, Invesco, Credit Suisse, Citadel, and other major Wall Street firms or those with an interest in protecting hedge funds testified that there is nothing wrong with the market, and denied manipulative practices that their clients are engaged in.

These large brokers and their large hedge fund customers that were represented on the panels, even by a couple of academics, such as Charles M. Jones of Columbia Business School, clearly do not wish for more regulation. They're used to going virtually unregulated for years during Bush Administration’s hands-off approach. More regulation will mean a cut in their profit, a cut in their taking away money which Main Street should have if it was not for manipulative practices which are done so politely that these folks are shamelessly denying it even happens.

Naked short selling happens every day.  Now the SEC, after ignoring the subject for a long time, finally said the 3-day hard-delivery rule should really be followed. However, is this rule enforced? Even if it is, it is an ineffective rule without a pre-borrow requirement since during those 3 days a hedge fund can naked short a stock, drag it down, paralyze it, and then buy at a lower level and the repeat it – without violating the hard-delivery rule. This happens every day to good hard working companies that are trying to make the world a better place. And these guys have the nerve to say there is nothing wrong.

Main Street is regularly abused and bullied by Wall Street and it all goes seemingly unnoticed while the SEC was asleep behind the wheel before your time. Will you have the courage to change that and stand up to the crooked elements who are not exceptions but run rampant up and down Wall Street? On that note, I have heard numerous times recently that the SEC's enforcement division problems are due to lack of enforcement resources. However, I watched an interview with Mr. Cox in which he said this was not the case – that there were enough resources. If he was right then the problem was something else. Today’s GAO’s report sheds new light on the workings of the SEC under Mr. Cox: “Cox’s SEC Hindered Probes, Slowed Cases, Shrank Fines, GAO Says”, reads one headline, and it point to Republican Commissioners as supporting less stringent enforcement.

Contrary to what some of the speakers at this roundtable stated, the concerns about short selling are not paranoia. My concerns are very real and legitimate. I have an MBA from a top-rated Business School and lots of professional experience in various fields such as management consulting, analysis, engineering, and managing large projects. I have had several Wall Street firms as clients and am as well educated an individual investor as most get, or at least not merely as naive as Republican Commissioners Troy A. Paredes and Kathleen L. Casey, and Fidelity and Invesco representatives like to believe – one who blindly believes shorts are to blame because s/he does not understand the subject, has paranoia, is following fashion, and needs to get educated.

The problems associated with short selling is NOT just a matter of perception as implied by these Republican Commissioners and stated by Wall Street representatives. Many individual investors are well educated. You have to be knowing you’re playing in a non-level playing field. It seems that the SEC is the one what needs better education. Listen to a self-admitted manipulator, Jim Cramer bragging about crooked techniques of hedge funds and how they get away with it because of SEC’s lack of competence:

"You can't foment [create the impression that a stock is down]. That's a violation... But you do it anyway because the SEC doesn't understand it…. What's important when you are in that hedge fund mode is to not be doing anything that is remotely truthful, because the truth is so against your view - it is important to create a new truth to develop a fiction".

I am very well educated on the subject and I am still very wary, very untrusting of the financial system and believe deep in my heart that it is crooked and criminal because criminal activity happens every day and it is not stopped, and not even investigated.  The very lack of SEC rules, such as NOT requiring pre-borrow for shorting, and NOT disclosing to the public who large naked short sellers are, help and protect Wall Street to the detriment of Main Street investors and companies.  Those few rules in palce are not enforced (as proof, please show us a single case of naked shorting that’s ever prosecuted in SEC’s entire history). I am therefore upset.  I like to invest the little money I have saved through hard work and painful investments, but it is not a level playing field. The hedge funds have the upper hand, and the cop, the SEC, seems to be on their side.

I could not believe that Charles M. Jones of Columbia Business School was trying to sell a false idea so cunningly. He said if shorting is stopped after circuit breakers goes off, it could hurt the stock more because it takes away the liquidity. How do you figure that? If shorting is not allowed any more it means no more shorting. Simple. Shorting makes the price drop. Naked shorting makes the price drop artificially.  How in the world would it help a stock not fall further if shorting is disallowed when shorting is an act which makes a stock drop (supply/demand). I don’t need to be a finance professor to see his logic is false and that his whole attitude is in bed with hedge funds.

It was refreshing to hear Dr. Robert Shapiro’s academic testimony supporting pre-borrow rules and other regulations to tie up hands of manipulative short sellers.

Testimony of Michael McAlevey of General Electric Corporation was sincere and honest and not rooted in some crooked inclination and affiliation unlike some of the other testimonies which were clearly aimed at protecting large hedge fund customers.

Brian Conroy of Fidelity stated there is no problem, that everything is just fine, no further regulation is necessary, and two times he shamelessly contended that the subject is one of fashion, a fad.

Larry Leibowitz, of The New York Stock Exchange clearly doesn’t like further regulation or tying hands of shorts. He likes his commissions and his hedge fund customers.

Dan Mathisson of Credit Suisse also dominated the presentation, again, to push his agenda of “let us go unpoliced.” I was shocked that right off the bat he threatened that a proposed change will take a year to implement. Please ask him to submit the details of how he derived this estimate. I have run a lot of software projects for over 20 years including ones for Wall Street firms. One year is a long time, and what you’re trying to do is not inherently complicated. He’s just trying to scare you.

Kevin Cronin of Invesco in his opening remarks emphasized a point which was not even part of the agenda: that SEC should not disclose short positions. I think the public has the right to know who large short sellers are, and without much of a delay – a delay long enough as dictated by technical reporting constraints and no longer.  But Mr. Cronin and others on Walls Street are nervous about this possibility because they will be very embarrassed for their clients to know how these good guys could be bad guys at the same time. Companies fall in the claws of vulture financiers every day because the large shorts and their affiliations are not known. Many Wall Street firms are nervous about this because it will trim their ability to manipulate. The “front running” concern is just an excuse. Why is not an issue for long positions. Why should short sales be treated differently?

Republican Commissioner Kathleen L. Casey dominated the questioning and I felt her questions were prompting answers which were pro-Wall Street. Democratic Commissioner Luis A. Aguilar’s silence was deafening.

Dendreon (DNDN) was mentioned a couple of times during the Roundtable. Dendreon’s problems with short sellers and naked shorts are not only from last month. They go way back and the SEC did nothing about manipulative hedge funds, analysts, and journalists who helped deny a life extending safe biologic from reaching dying patients. Such can be the consequence of the policeman being sleep at the wheel, and we tried to warn the SEC about this problem long ago.

The SEC needs to mandate that all publicly traded companies are subject to a pre-borrow requirement. This will fix a major corruption hole that's bogging the financial system. I am sure the "Seven Dwarves" will disagree and tell you that we have no problems with short selling. But we indeed do.

I am as Main Street as you can get, and I know lots of other small investors who are highly educated, and we all neither trust the financial system nor the SEC. When we hear SEC speak about protecting investors, it sounds like a joke, because as soon as a small investor buys a small company stock which has a large short interest, they're entering an unfair game against a criminal group who manipulate, lie, cheat, distort, abuse the system, sell what is not theirs, and sell what they have not even borrowed (that is a crime under every judicial system in the world but the SEC tolerates it as long as you sell what is not yours and what you have not even borrowed for three days and buy it back once you've pressured the price down).

Madame commissioner, please do not let us down. Please do not let these rituals and rhetoric slow you or distract you. Fidelity is wrong. There is very much a problem. There is chaos in confidence. Small investors do not trust Wall Street, and do not trust the SEC because Mr. Cox gave us nothing more than a lot of lip service. Please help restore our confidence by going head on against manipulative shorting practices which have only one solution and that is a pre-borrow rule.  And reveal to us who our companies’ large short sellers are. Short-and-distort is not a joke. It happens every day. We feel it with our sweat and blood. Investors need protection against these rampant predators. Please help us.

In summary, it is absolutely critical that:

a)    The SEC should impose a mandatory "pre-borrow" requirement for shorting all stocks.

b)    The SEC should reveals to public, without much delay, who large short sellers are, just like it reveals who large shareholders are. Every public company deserves to know who is betting in a big way against it so that it can prevent being a victim of toxic financing.

c)    The SEC should establish a circuit breaker rule, and an uptick rule.

Kind Regards

Reza Ganjavi

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Email To SEC On Abusive Short Selling

By Reza Ganjavi

18 Nov 2015

Dear Madam Chairman White:

It was a pleasure seeing you on CSPAN. Thanks for your good work and service to our country.

I still think you should make public identities of large short positions just as long positions are public. There is no excuse for not doing so including front-running that can also happen in the long position. Hedge fund lobby with help from Republican commissioners manipulated the SEC into keeping the screws loose on shorts. Please help us Main Street and companies to know who is betting against them. And they usually engage in short & distort and the most immoral behavior to rip Main Street off its hard earned money.

Thanks & Kind Regards

Reza Ganjavi




Subject: File No. 4-590

9 October 2009

Dear Madam Chairman Schapiro:

While I enormously admire your spirit of change, enjoy your remarks and speeches, and support your initiatives to rein in on the abusers of the financial systems, I am disappointed at the composition of the recent panel on short selling and pre-borrow. The panels that discussed these topics were comprised largely of supporters of short selling, short sellers themselves, and academics who are obviously using their lop-sided research which ignore the realities of short selling that Main Street faces every day (e.g. Short & Distort) in favor of large hedge funds who are ruining the economy, specially small innovative companies, and Main Street investors.

I found it insulting to the honor of the SEC for these guys to sit there and lecture the SEC about short selling being "a force of good" while completely ignoring the very practices that many short sellers are involved in which are highly immoral, unethical, disruptive to the economy, extremely harmful to small innovative companies that are the future of the world economy -- actions which are in my opinion and legal philosophy, criminal.

Nobody spoke about a well known and widely utilized practice of short-and-distort which small companies and Main Street investors have to face every single day. I will elaborate on this theme and give you more detailed feedback at a later date but since I feel this issue is urgent, I had to write to you before finding the time to review and research all the submitted material. As I said in previous letters, the house is on fire -- Main Street needs protection now. Many small innovative companies are abused by short sellers every day and we need your protection against these abuses.

The problem is not only with naked shorting. Reduction in number of fails-to-deliver does not mean the problem of abusive short selling is solved.

Secondly, I found the discussion on whether pre-borrow and hard-locate should be mandated or not a philosophically false question. According to every legal philosophy it is a crime to sell something that is not yours and you have not borrowed. Except of course in this case where we discuss at length whether people should be allowed to sell something that is not theirs and have not concretely borrowed. What an unintelligent and pitiful discussion. This is a core aspect of the corrupted financial markets which the SEC needs to take control of and resolve by mandating immediately -- not after years of discussion and getting lectures from the short sellers themselves how they should be left alone.

Thirdly, regarding disclosure, again, a facet of our corrupted financial system is that short sellers get preferential treatment -- the people who are inherently interested in destruction of hard-working innovative companies are getting preferential treatment to those who invest in those companies and help the economy by doing so.  Another very crooked feature of our markets that the small companies that have to rely on equity markets to raise needed capital have to live with every day is that the SEC is protecting the names of large short sellers who are mostly there, and many are lobbying every day, to have those companies destroyed. This is a fact Madam Chairman. The SEC should disclose large short sellers just as it does large shareholders without any more delay than required for long positions. The current protection is very much against the Main Street which you have said you like to protect. Let's see those words turn into action.

Fourthly, what happened to the uptick rule? Lots of talk but no action.

Lastly, exempting market makers from further regulation is a very bad idea because we have concrete proof that market makers are sometimes in bed with short sellers and large hedgefunds and themselves are engaged in "short and distort". Do not every think that market makers are good boys. There are many instances of their highly immoral and unethical and criminal behavior in the practice of short-and-distort. I can think of one instance of a market maker, whose analyst was publishing faulty research reports to support their large hedgefund short clients. The corruption runs deep. Allowing market makers off the hook will not help the cleanup which is urgently needed.

I will send in a more detailed feedback in writing or video at a later date.

Many thanks for your kind consideration. We need help Madam Chairman. Small companies need help. Small company investors need help against abusive short sellers -- not just naked short sellers but all short sellers. They can still play their supposed "force of good" in the market within much more stringent regulation and not just direction by the SEC. For too long they've gotten used to raping, raiding and abusing Main Street and now they're heavily opposed to any regulation. Using a lot of arguments and their academics, they're simply trying to distract the SEC from the job that you must do: to clean this mess up, now, and not later. We need urgent immediate action. Please help protect Main Street from short sellers -- not just naked short sellers.

Best Regards

Reza Ganjavi

<phone snipped for web posting>



Your comments for file number S7-08-09 were received on September 13, 2009.

For God's sake SEC, it's time to do something now, after years of being a completely useless organization in not just not catching Madoff but many many criminals who naked short stocks, run great companies to the ground, sell what is not theirs, sell what they have not even borrowed, etc..

I reiterate my call that "the house is on fire" and instead of your bureaucracy and delay after delay, for God's sake SEC, do something for a change.

What is it going to take for you to enforce illegal naked shorting? You don't need to invent a rocket science to reinstate the uptick rule and you don't need the comments of the hedge fund industry and naked shorts to tell you what you shouldn't be doing. You need to instate and reinstate every tool, rule, and regulation that you can think of to tie up the hands of criminals who steal the money of honest hard working companies and investors by manipulative methods.

The SEC has protected Wall Street for way too long and it is now time to get off its seat and do something for Main Street. Hello, anybody listening or is the cop still asleep at the wheel like it has been for way too long.



Letter to Mr. Robert Khuzami, Director of Enforcement

10 June 2010

Dear SEC

As an individual investor I still feel very much out in the cold vs. the powers of Wall Street and the sympathy they have historically received from the SEC and specially the Republican commissioners. So the result of Main Street vs. Wall Street is clear: Main Street loses, not only because Wall Street has more resources but because the SEC seems to be on its side. When it comes to curbing manipulative practices SEC takes too long and at the end its action is marginal. For the longest time the cop was asleep at the wheel, now we see a few movements, far too little, but better than none.

And it is not just Main Street that loses, but small companies that are victims of toxic financiers, and there are concrete things SEC can do to make this better but SEC has repeatedly failed to do anything in this regard and instead gets caught in months and years of rhetoric and useless beating around the bush. Something as simple as mandating a large short seller's identity to be available to a company would help companies tremendously in knowing their friends and enemies and who they do business with and not, but SEC has denied this right to small companies and equally Main Street because of nonsense, utterly incoherent argument posed by the hedge fund industry and supported by Republican commissioners that somehow large short sellers' identity should be protected for competitive reasons while large shareholders' identities should not (please see my last emails on the subject archives of which are available on www.rezamusic.com) under the "Ethics & Financial Markets" section).

I like to bring your attention to trading in Beacon Power, one of these rape victims of Wall Street toxic financiers with zero protection by SEC. Beacon has spent over 10 years and millions of dollars developing the best energy storage technology around. When you think of energy storage you think of batteries, but Beacon's flywheels beat batteries hands down for applications such as grid frequency regulation which effects every citizen every day of the year, and the security and stability of the national grid. The US government has fully backed Beacon Power by loan guarantee, grant, contracts, and various endorsements. SEC, as the financial markets cop has not provided any protection to Beacon or companies like Beacon, which has resulted in the company to fall in toxic traps and its stock being manipulated time and again.

Further to that long introduction, please investigate the latest trading of Beacon Power (Nasdaq: BCON). The company has issued a number of warrants outstanding ( http://phx.corporate-ir.net/phoenix.zhtml?c=123367&p=warrant ) and the stock might be manipulated to bring the price close to the exercise price of $0.272. And/or please investigate the great deal of "short & distort" that goes on with Beacon. You may start with the large short sellers -- you may know who they are but you are protecting their identity from us and from Beacon to protect the short sellers (thanks SEC, you're siding with Wall Street again).

It's nice to read Honorable Ms. Schapiro speak about building investor confidence, but I can assure you, the Main Streets many individual investors know have zero confidence in the SEC presently. I hope this will change. I think you've prosecuted one naked short case in your entire history? That's better than none!!

Why can companies not know the names and positions of large entities who are betting against them just as they can regarding entities who are investing in them? Why? The reasonings I've heard so far have been completely illogical and rhetorical and shout only one thing: Because SEC wants to protect Wall Street against Main Street. Sorry, but that seems to be the fact, in my opinion.

Thanks & Best Regards

Reza Ganjavi

<contact info>

PART II -- Letter to Mr. Robert Khuzami, Director of Enforcement

Dear Mr. Khuzami:

I hope you saw my letter of 10 June 2010 (reprinted below).

May I add a couple of notes:

1) I am not accusing the warrant holders of manipulating the stock but it appears to me that this might be the case. Neither I, nor the company itself has the means of investigating whether this is true or not, but SEC does. All I can say is that Beacon has been a victim of manipulative practices which were immoral and illegal, but under the current rules, the company receives no protection from the SEC, such as the mandate that people who sell its shares would have to borrow it first, or the identity of people who have bet heavily against the company by shorting over 4 Million shares are revealed to the company. But I do seriously suspect, that illegal manipulation of Beacon's shares have occurred and I hope you will order your department to investigate this matter. Who has done it? I do not know. Could be a one or more of warrant holders, short sellers, or people who have other malicious intentions towards the company and its rule-changing technology.

2) I am not an enforcement professional, but from a layman's view, I would perhaps suggest the following:

a) Get a list of large short sellers (which SEC has but is keeping private to protect the shorts)

b) Get a list of the warrant holders from the last offering (December 9, 2009)

c) Demand list of all traders of the warrant holders and their affiliates.

d) Demand list of all traders of the large short sellers and their affiliates.

e) Investigate their other activities -- somebody must be behind this "short and distort" and all the false publicity and misrepresentation that is going on to help push Beacon's shares down.

f) Do a detailed investigation of the short term recursive naked shorting of Beacon's shares (sell without hard locating the shares, cover within 3 days at lower price, repeat -- which is a convenient way to naked short but as far as the SEC is concerned get away with murder. It's unbelievable that the SEC is not mandating a hard-locate rule. This is against every criminal justice system that I know of: it is a crime to sell what you do not have and not have borrowed, but for some reason, for the SEC, this is normal, because this is the way Wall Street wants it and this is the way they get it.

You might be surprised at what you find. Doing this kind of investigation for Main Street and standing up for Main Street will highly elevate SEC's credibility both with Main Street and the Congress.

Thanks & Best Regards

Reza Ganjavi

<contact info>

Letter to Mr. Robert Khuzami, Director of Enforcement

18 Aug 2010

Dear Mr. Khuzami and Madam Chairman Schapiro:

Beacon Power (Nasdaq: BCON) just received a $43M loan guarantee from the US Department of Energy, under Section 1705 of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. The government recognizes the importance of leading edge clean technologies for the future of the economy, environment, and global competitiveness. Beacon is building the world’s first Grid Frequency Regulation Flywheel Plant which is critical to the stability of the backbone of any nation, the electric grid. This plant is scheduled to be fully operational by the end of March 2011. The target market in the US is estimated as several billion dollars, and there is growing international demand for a clean effective way of doing frequency regulation.

While the government is trying to support and foster Beacon, Wall Street is trying to kill them by shorting, naked-shorting, and manipulating its stock. Like many other small innovative companies, Beacon relies on capital markets for funding and has gone through several rounds of toxic financing already. The SEC has not been helpful a bit. You know who the large short sellers are but you are protecting their identities for reasons which only make sense to short sellers and their supporters (including your own Republican Commissioners).

There are warrants that are expiring at the end of this month and the stock seems manipulated in relation to these warrants.

I brought this to your attention in my letter of 10 June 2010. By the end of June a lot of warrants got exercised. The trading of the stock now is even more suspicious than in June. There seems to be a determined effort to keep the price capped. The least you could do is to investigate if the people who are shorting the stock are not violating any rules. You could request trade logs from the large short sellers of BCON (you have their list, we don’t). You could also look at the trading of the warrant holders and their affiliated market makers.

According to one report, since last August, 94.56 million shares have been shorted. 26.02% of all daily volume is short selling.

Many thanks for your kind consideration

Best Regards

Reza Ganjavi


27 Oct 2013

To: Chairlady Mary Jo White, Securities and Exchange Commission, Washington, D.C., USA

Dear Madam: 

It was music to my ears to read the news: “U.S. SEC on the prowl for rule breakers big and small” http://www.reuters.com/article/2013/10/09/sec-white-brokenwindows-idUSL1N0HZ1JJ20131009

Masses of individual investors in US securities have lost faith in the market because of the rampant manipulation by the big and powerful banks, brokers, hedge funds, etc., a.k.a. the “big boys” on Wall Street. 

The SEC over the years has developed a reputation of having no teeth. Until Chairlady Shapiro’s time the SEC had never prosecuted an illegal naked shorting case. SEC’s announcements and warnings to the financial criminals always comes across as soft and tolerant. I admire you for the strong message in this news release and hope that you turn it into some real action to clean up this utter mess and bring back confidence to the markets and Main Street investors.

Wall Street has turned into a Casino more glamorous than all casinos combined in which the owners -- the winners -- are the big boys and the losers have consistently been Main Street who get the short end of the stick from all angles including corporations which tend to favor institutional investors to retails and at times divulge info to larger investors which smaller investors do not have access to. 

It was disheartening to see the Republican commissioners’ sympathy for short sellers at the last SEC short selling roundtable I saw. The SEC bought the frivolous arguments of the hedge fund industry, short sellers, and lobbyists of the big boys, that somehow hiding the identity of large short sellers in a company is necessary (while large shareholders’ identities are publicly available). This does not thing but to give the power of anonymity to enable further manipulation, which a Commissioner referred to as “short and distort”. We’ve seen plenty of examples of that and that is a major reason for lack of confidence in the markets by Main Street.

Martin Shkreli

One example of this short and distort scheme was when hedge fund manager Martin Shkreli shorted Avanir (AVNR), and in a Seeking Alpha article (http://seekingalpha.com/article/272463-avanir-pharmaceuticals-compelling-short-sale-opportunity) he posted frivolous arguments against Arena’s patents.

He later made a substantial profit in AVNR. In the article above written on May 31, 2011, he wrote: "I promise to donate 50% of my personal AVNR-related profits to charity. I agree to be held accountable to this.” 

On February 21, 2012 his assistant wrote to me that he has "committed to donating a large sum to an organization" and that he was planning a joint announcement in the near future. To date, a year and a half later, nothing has been announced that I know of.

The company he owned at the time (MSMB CAPITAL: msmbcapital.com) doesn’t seem to exist any more. His new company / address seems to be:

Martin Shkreli, Retrophin, Inc. 777 Third Avenue, 22nd Floor, New York, NY 10017, (646) 837-5863, info@retrophin.com, martin@retrophin.com, marc@retrophin.com, pschwartz@rxir.com

[2020 update: Martin Shkreli is currently in Federal prison! Yes!]

PS -- Seeking Alpha editor was "eating from Shkreli's ass" as they say in Persian or "kissing Shkreli's ass" at the time because Shkreli was the big bad boy with a lot of money, and SA was apparently publishing BS or not publishing facts that were contrary to Shkreli's position.

Credit Suisse

Lee Kalowski & Co. of Credit Suisse initiated their coverage on Arena with a report which was full of inaccuracies and shortcomings. Main Street rolled up its sleeve and published a correction:


But Main Street can’t possibly withstand a gorilla like Credit Suisse, and often small companies don’t have the vision, experience, determination, talent, courage, to counter the disparagement that is published against them.

Jim Cramer

Jim Cramer is on record for admitting to manipulation but he walked free without ever getting charged. See this video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gMShFx5rThI

The arrogance of Jim Cramer goes as far as saying being in a hedge fund mode you don’t do anything remotely truthful – that truth is your enemy.

This has to be more of an issue than moral decadence.

Adam Feuerstein

Adam Feuerstein works for Jim Cramer’s company, TheStreet.com and is on record for numerous publication of distortions, misinformation, and outright lies. His communications and affiliations should be investigated.

SAC Capital

SAC seems to run a shop which thrives on insider information. I have reasons to believe SAC was short DNDN before the 2007 Advisory Committee meeting.

Dr. Howard Scher, Dr. Maha Hussain

Howard Scher and Maha Hussain were involved in the conspiracy to derail the approval of Dendreon’s drug in 2007. Thorough information is available on:



UBS analyst Maged Shenouda published false information about Dendreon in his research report and repeated it even after he was told it is false (that’s a classic definition of lying). This was before the 2007 AdComm when DNDN had a huge short interest.

Jonathan Aschoff

Aschoff was fined by NASD for pretending to be a doctor. In 2007 he was disparaging DNDN when the short interest was very high. He admitted to me in a phone conversation of having clients who are short DNDN.



Please investigate the above entities.

Daniel Drew said: "Anybody who plays the stock market not as an insider is like a man buying cows in the moonlight.”. I am sure that’s not what the SEC wants.

I encourage you to invite members of Main Street to your next roundtables – and folks like Patrick Byrne and Jonathan Johnson who have dedicated lots of time and resources in fighting the crooks.

Very Best Wishes

Reza Ganjavi


Welcome Message to SEC Chair & Report of abusive naked shorting, reverse conversion, and a six point investigation suggestion.


Welcome Message to the new SEC Chief

Dear Honorable Mary Jo White:

Congratulations on your confirmation as the new head of the SEC. I wish you luck and all the powers of goodness in your new position. You have a critical role as the key sheriff in a crime-ridden town. Morals have gone out the window as people worshiping dollars are willing to do anything to get it including stepping on the truth and breaking the law as long as they can get away with it.

My main requests to you as a Main Street investor are :

1)  To prosecute market makers for abusing their ability to naked short stocks. They can legally naked short stocks but they abuse this ability to help their large hedge fund clients through use of reverse conversions and other means.

2)  Abolish rules which allow large short sellers to remain anonymous. The SEC was persuaded by the hedge fund industry to hide their identity and position using the frivolous argument of avoiding "front running". Large shareholders in a company must make public filings. Large short sellers must also be mandated to do that otherwise the SEC is helping the short sellers get an upper hand.

3)  Keep in mind, as much as hedge fund industry wants to sugar coat it,  most short selling is combined with lies, deceit, "short and distort" and other immoral and illegal activities explained above. So the SEC should have the least level of sympathy.

4)  Being a prosecutor you fully understand that it is criminal to sell what you do not have before you even borrow it. Worse, is to sell something you neither have nor borrowed. But the current rules allow short sellers to sell phantom shares and completely get away with it. That's like selling a house that doesn't even exist !!  My father had a stellar career in law and I heard about such crimes since I was a child.  Now I'm witnessing it every day happening on Wall Street legally. So short selling without pre-borrow should be criminal. And naked shorting under any circumstances should be criminal. Market makers are abusing it all the time.

Once again, welcome to the SEC; you're greeted by a beaten up, tired, abused and weary Main Street with a warm embrace and much hope.

All good wishes

Reza Ganjavi


Letter to the SEC about Reverse Conversions & Naked Shorting Abuses

[ALSO SEE MAJOR INVESTIGATIVE REPORET THAT HELPED FINRA: https://www.rezamusic.com/writings/law-ethics/reverse-conversions-scam ]

Dear Messrs. Calamari, Rawlings, Sanchez:

I have great faith in you since you've already prosecuted a reverse conversion case. Another large reverse conversion on ARNA was done today and there's sufficient grounds to allege abuse. Please see the list of recent reverse conversions below and also please see a six (6) point suggestion for an investigation.

Even if a legitimate market maker is involved in this it is being done for one reason alone, and that is to cap the stock by phantom shares which a hedge fund obtains from the market maker through a Reverse Conversion -- shares that the market maker doesn't have but has manufactured (phantom shares) through naked shorting. This is an abuse of law which is meant to give market maker the ability to naked short to facilitate its role in providing liquidity. Market makers were not given the power to naked short in order to help some hedge fund -- which is trying to avoid huge losses due to having made a bad bet -- to have access to non existent shares which it uses to manipulate the stock by capping it.

Main Street is getting cheated here. I know the lobbyists of short sellers and hedge funds have helped convince the SEC that the identity and position of large shorts should not become public (like long positions are) and that market makers should be able to naked short freely, but market makers abuse these rules -- they're making shares out of thin air every day. By doing so they're helping hedge funds destroy companies which are the engines behind the future of American economy. Here, you have a very concrete case to go for. It's easy:

1) Find out if a legitimate market maker was behind these reverse conversions. If not, bingo.

2) If yes, are they using their exemption to naked short for the reason it was intended?

3) Are the clients of the market makers executing the reverse conversions already among the 64,168,688 shorts reported by NASDAQ on 3/28/13 and how did they use the shares created by the reverse conversions? Did they sell those shares quickly into the market or use them for some other purpose?

4) Are those 64 Million shorted shares located? How many of them are circulating as phantom shares through one after another cycles to prevent them from going on RegSHO?

5) If the large shorts are performing these reverse conversions, is the market maker aware of it? My hunch is the market maker is playing right along knowing exactly how he's abusing his exemption to naked short.

6) Is the SEC actively monitoring the reverse conversion positions of the market makers for ARNA to see if they are exchanging/trading them between each other to circumvent the intent of the laws allowing their exemption from locate and borrow in the first place?

Recent reverse  conversions in ARNA:

3/20/13  400,000 shares at $7.90 vs 4000 April 13 puts and calls.

3/25/13 720,000 shares around $8.53 vs 7200 April 12 puts and calls.

3/27/13  700,000 shares around $8.30 vs 7000 April 11 puts and calls.

3/27/13     75,000 shares around $8.30 vs 750  May 11 puts and calls.

4/10/13   500,000 shares at $8.10 vs 5000 May 13 puts and calls.

4/11/13 929,000 shares at 8.245 vs 9,290 May 13 puts and calls.

Kind Regards

Reza Ganjavi

Retail investor


(SINCE THE ABOVE I SENT NUMEROUS OTHER REPORTS OF REVERSE CONVERSIONS TO THE SEC -- and finally the big report got FINRA to act and stop the abuse! e.g., https://www.rezamusic.com/writings/law-ethics/reverse-conversions-scam)


Dear SEC

I have sent several reports of reverse conversions using options of ARNA by hedge funds who are shorts and to delay their own death they are killing MAIN STREET. They're wounded dog who are not only involved in SHORT-AND-DISTORT through bankers, analysts, and journalists, they are ABUSING the market maker exemption to naked short. This is not some retail holder's delusion - it's a FACT.

By the way :

1. you can not rely on entities like Credit Suisse who run dark pools to police themselves.

2. did you ever investigate why Credit Suisse's equity research reports into Investment Banking? Or am I misunderstanding the Chinese Wall rule?

3. This might even be a hint: Credit Suisse has been involved in trashing ARNA -- their coverage started with ignoring key information which Main Street had to shout back and correct the misrepresentation:  http://home.datacomm.ch/rezamusic/FDA-Letters-2012.html#CS

4. But it's your job to look into the options trading and investigate it. The use of this exemption was not discussed in the short selling round table. Those innocent sounding hedge fund lobby guys and their Republican SEC sympathizers were talking about other excuses to justify short selling. None said market makers can bend the rules to give their large hedge fund clients (or themselves) access to PHANTOM SHARES which are in turn used to KILL good hardworking honest diligent companies and retail investors who don't have the same privilege and don't even know who is flooding their market with FAKE shares.

This should be CRIMINAL under any criminal justice system except by the SEC's' rule? You try to sell a car that is not yours and you go to jail. Today, they are trying to sell a car that doesn't even exist -- which is fabricated out of thin air using options which in turn forces naked shorting he stock WITHOUT IT EVER SHOWING UP ON REG-SHO. So the criminals are getting away with it and circumventing the rules intentionally ONLY BECAUSE THEY CAN NOT LOCATE ENOUGH SHARES TO LEGITIMATELY SHORT.

Perhaps in 50 years time people will look back just as we looked back at the Madoff case when it was too late.

Dear SEC, you need to give this matter priority and INVESTIGATE IT NOW -- not in 10 years when more and more companies and individuals are raided and raped by collusion of non-regulated dark pools, hedge funds, and market makers.  THE TIME TO ACT NOW. THIS IS EMERGENCY and you have a LIVE case RIGHT NOW. The CRIME IS IN PROGRESS. Please send a cop.

Are the criminal(s) too big to catch? Too connected? Too concealed? This is no small fish here -- 60 Million shares are shorted with a potential billion dollar loss so these wounded dogs (shorts) are violating rules to delay their loss and force retail to sell - trigger margin calls - erode confidence and psychology - technically break the company's equity - and prevent access to equitable levels of financing, coupled with their short-and-distort strategy.

This will be the bust of the decade. PLEASE INVESTIGATE it.

Thanks & Regard


27 Jul 2013

Response to SEC Survey

Main Street needs SEC's help. SEC needs to stop being sympathetic with

a) market makers who abuse their naked shorting exemption in allowing hedge funds to get their hands on non existent shares without them ever showing up on RegSHO by doing reverse conversions. How many of the reverse conversions we've reported have been investigated? In how many did the market maker comply with rules and in how many as they often say, they whispered to each other, who cares about the SEC / the SEC has no teeth. As long as the crooks think SEC won't investigate them they'll continue raiding and raping hard working Americans off their hard earned money.

b) short sellers who cripple hard working public companies and their retail investors and do so while they remain anonymous. The SEC, especially the Republican commissioners who've exhibited peculiar sympathy with short sellers, needs to stop being swayed by the Hedge Fund lobby with their frivolous arguments that hiding large short sellers' identities prevents front running. Let the crooks run against each other, create a stampede, and destroy each other. If front running by large shareholders is not an issue why is it an issue with large short sellers? A very simple question the hedge fund lobby pretends is clear and should never be asked -- but you need to ask that question of yourselves and LET THE AMERICAN PUBLIC KNOW EACH QUARTER WHO THE LARGE SHORT SELLERS IN EACH PUBLIC COMPANY ARE. WE THE PEOPLE DESERVE TO KNOW.


10 Aug 2013

Dear SEC:

I was happy to read your:

"SEC Issues Risk Alert On Options Trading Used To Evade Short-Sale Requirements"


While it's a tiny step in the right direction, as usual it is too soft, too polite, and won't do a thing to stop the abuses.

I have pointed out instances of potential abuse on numerous instances -- if your response to it is this memo, the abusers will laugh it off.

Your "Risk Alert" is basically telling thieves to be aware of thieves. It's just as ineffective as you telling dark pool operators like Credit Suisse that they should behave and police themselves.

It won't work.

There's plenty of evidence already in your hands that abuses include market makers and they laugh at SEC, Main Street, the country, the government, regulations, and everything that is good and right, as they break the rules.

I have given up all hope that this mess can be cleaned up. SEC simply has no teeth when it comes to taming the crooks and Main Street will continue to get raided and raped off its hard working money day in and out.

It's time to get serious and investigate the very people you expect to behave and be good boys. They laugh at these "Risk Alerts" and will continue their abuses until SEC puts some of them in prison.

Unfortunately watching a short-selling roundtable it seems the Republican Commissioners are sympathetic to short sellers and hedge fund lobby and as long as that's the case the SEC will remain a mediocre policeman which once in a while manages to put somebody in jail while most criminals get away with murder.

You can't expect the very market makers and brokers and dark pool operators who are involved in the abuses of their naked short selling exemption by their large hedge fund customers who pay them millions in commissions, to police those very customers and abuses. They ARE the abusers themselves. Why is this so hard to see. And if you see it, your memo should be a legal warning that we're going to knock your doors down when you least expect it and put you in prison if you engage in this practice - we're watching you closely.

Instead, what they got is effectively: "dear lovely abusers, we're going to turn a blind eye to the abuses and pretend you know nothing about your hedge fund clients abusing YOUR naked shorting exemption. They're the bad boys, you're good boys, you need to police them." It is far more likely the "good boys" in this scenario are in the same gang as the bad boys and are helping them. Don't you think if they weren't they would not have allowed it? They love the commissions fees bribes kickbacks insider information and everything else that goes on among the crooks.  So your telling them to stop it has no value at all except to say, oh SEC sees this thing is going on and it's not going to do anything to stop it.

All the above are in my humble opinion based on my non-professional observation.

Kind Regards

Reza Ganjavi


7 Sep 2013


This was published by someone about MANNKIND: on a day when BOA downgraded MNKD from 8 to 5 and the stock tanked. It's about suspicious activity on the days leading to the downgrade. Very well worth investigating. I am reporting this to the SEC because I believe market makers abuse their naked short selling exemptions with regards to reverse conversions with for example MNKD and ARNA. Best SEC has done so far is to issue a polite letter which has no teeth -- it's not even a warning. Now SEC needs to take one of these many cases - dig into the options and stock action and reverse conversions, prosecute a crook -- that's the way you clean up this mess and not by sending polite teeth-less letters.

Here's a clue:

Bank of America

There is no one on this board who thinks BOA had anything to do with the 300,000 share RC earlier in the week is there? And certainly no on on this board thinks BOA might have timed the analyst report for a couple days after the RC? Well, at least no one thinks the 300,000 shares were sold into the market earlier today. Of course not. Who would even raise such questions.


Response to a hedge fund manager

By Reza Ganjavi

Posted on SEC's site: http://www.sec.gov/comments/s7-31-08/s73108.shtml

Why Hedge Fund Manager (TFS Capital), Larry S. Eiben's rationale does not hold water and why the SEC should allow investors to know the identity of large short sellers.

The hedge fund manager objects to the rule on two fronts but his reasoning is faulty at best. First, he thinks the rule is unlikely to be cost beneficial to investors. This depends on who he calls investors. I can assure you if investors know who the large short sellers are just like they know who the large longs are, they could make much better decision and save a lot of costs involved in investing in a manipulated, rigged market while the manipulators have the protection of SEC that their identity will not be revealed. Yes, I do call short sellers who gang up on a company, spread wrong rumors, commission faulty research reports, pay journalists and others to bash the company, manipulators.

Eiben's second objection which he calls philosophical is completely without merit. The double standard is the way it is now, where large longs are identified but large shorts are unidentified to the public. That is a double-standard that benefits the shorts hugely.

'In other words, this rule creates the impression that there are more bad apples in the short selling population than in general', the hedge fund manager writes.

That is simply a fact. It is a hard fact to face for the manipulators but it is so. How many long managers pay journalists and analysts and message board agents to spread false rumors about the company? Short sellers have been known to do this far more frequently. Yes, indeed, there are more bad apples in the short selling population than in general.

Do we need to remind this hedge fund manager who is trying to lobby the SEC to continue help keep large short sellers' identities quiet that it is shorts not longs who engage in naked short selling.

Is it not time for the SEC to stop protecting the identity of large short sellers and help investors know who are the entities who are ganging up on them? At the very least it helps the companies who are victims of such manipulative behaviors, to know who to go to for financing and be better protected against predatory practices of toxic pipes. That is the least the SEC could do.

Instead of acting though, the SEC is giving more and more time for large short sellers to remain hidden and continue to wreck havoc in the financial markets and ruin good companies, and thereby further ruin the economy. Wake up SEC. It is time to fight for Main Street not for Wall Street. Let us know who are the large short sellers.


Dr. Patrick Byrne vs. Wall Street Crooks

presented by www.rezamusic.com

Dr. Patrick Byrne's Fight With Wall Street

Marked as "the most hated man" on Wall Street, Dr. Byrne, a Stanford Doctor of Philosophy in Philosophy, and CEO of Overstock.com has gone heads on with Wall Street crooks. More power to him and his cause.

Dr. Patrick M. Byrne is the Chairman of the Board & CEO of Overstock.com®.

Previously, Byrne was chairman, president and CEO of Centricut, LLC and held the same three positions at Fechheimer Brothers, Inc., a Berkshire Hathaway operating company. He is also the general partner of High Plains Investments LLC, an investment company located in Park City, Utah, and considers himself an investor by trade.

Byrne received his bachelor's degree from Dartmouth College, a master's degree from Cambridge University as a Marshall Scholar, and a doctorate in philosophy from Stanford University.

Here's a great talk by Dr. Byrne:   http://deepcapturethemovie.com/

Here are a few other good articles and links to litigations / filings:






Dr. Patrick Byrne is one of my heros who's gone heads on with a large group of Wall Street crooks.

Watch this great presentation: http://deepcapturethemovie.com/


Problem of Naked Shorting; Corruption in US Financial System (as of Oct 2008); and what Dr. Patrick Byrne / DeepCapture is doing to fight it. [and related sites]

October 2008

by Reza Ganjavi

Dr. Patrick Byrne: “It’s not a little corruption at the edge of the system, it’s the system!”

Related sites : http://www.thesanitycheck.com




If you don't know what shorting and naked shorting in the context of the stock market is, please Google the subjects.

The SEC’s charter is to protect the investors against abusive behavior but it has done very little so far. It has not brought a single case against illegal naked shorting.

Chairman Cox has said: “Illegal naked short selling is specially a threat to smaller public companies whose relatively thin market capitalization can be more easily manipulated.”

Chairman Cox: “The extreme abuses that are reflected in securities being chronically listed on Reg Sho’s threshold security list for months and years at a time is ample evidence that there is also fraud in the market that needs to be arrested.”

A couple of months ago when the financial turmoil heated up, the SEC temporarily banned naked short selling for 19 financial companies. Not all companies but just 19.

Richard Baker, a former representative and member of House Financial Services Committee who is now the CEO of “Managed Funds Association” which is the main US trade association for the hedge fund industry complained about this ban in an interview with Bloomberg with some arguments such as: “we don’t know what the SEC is trying to fix”. Really? Nothing is broken right?

And Mr. Bush’s SEC, as it stands today, has failed to properly police Wall Street. Want a good examople? Take a look at the naked short list.

Deepcapture.com does a great job of exposing naked shorts. Take a look at: “Deutsche Bank Sold Massive Amounts of Phantom Stock” story on that website.

There are so many examples. There is so much corruption on Wall Street and such a cleanup job to do. Hopefully in the administration will clean up this mess.

When a hedge fund pays over $100M per year in commissions it has clout. When SEC doesn't act, things get worse. SEC is supposed to be policing Wall Street. Wall Street has not and will not police itself.  

Secretary Hank Paulson: “Naked short selling is wrong anywhere. Any investor, before they sell short, should line up the stock, and that goes without saying.”

Allegation: SEC officials provided confidential information to former colleagues working on Wall Street.

Interestingly enough the Washington Post reported today that :

"Senate investigators are looking into allegations that the head of SEC’s enforcement division, Linda Thomsen, gave information about investigations into Bear Stearns to the general counsel of J.P. Morgan Chase."

Senator Charles Grassly wrote a letter to the SEC requesting feedback on this allegation and wrote:

"Such conduct would reinforce the appearance that Enforcement decisions, and disclosures of information about them, are sometimes based not on the merits, but rather on access to senior officials by influential representatives of power brokers on Wall Street."

There we go.

Speaking of Linda Thomsen, I wrote a hot letter to her last night and copied the SEC commissioners and some members of the congress. I was and am completely fed up with the fact that SEC enforcement division has not brought a case against any naked shorting abuses.

Here's the letter: <>

Phantom shares - A great article by Mr. Jonathan E. Johnson III

This article first appeared on :  http://www.washingtontimes.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20071121/COMMENTARY/111210005

Reprinted with permission.

In the late 1800s, American financier Daniel Drew refined the art of selling counterfeit shares. Drew's biographer wrote, "There is no limit to the amount of blank shares a printing press can turn out. White paper is cheap... printer's ink is also cheap." Today, it is possible to counterfeit shares electronically — and it happens with such frightening regularity and impunity that Drew would be proud.

In modern stock markets, stock ownership has been separated from stock certificates through a process known as "dematerialization." As a result, when investors buy or sell stock, they are actually trading "security entitlements" — not actual stock certificates.

The Securities and Exchange Commission's Division of Market Regulation Director Erik Sirri explains: "The beneficial owner's [i.e., the investor's] ownership cannot be tracked to a specific share... [T]hey own a bundle of rights defined by federal and state law and by their contract with the broker. ... That's news to a lot of people." News indeed.

Brokers in U.S. equity markets receive commissions when buyers pay for shares, not when sellers deliver those shares. Thus, incentives to deliver share are so weakened that some brokers and large institutional customers (e.g., hedge funds) regularly use loopholes to avoid delivering shares at all. The result is a "failure-to-deliver" (FTD).

FTDs can be caused in several ways, but they commonly result from short sales in which the seller does not borrow or even locate the stock he sells (the infamous "naked" short sales). Regardless of how an FTD occurs, for each share not delivered the system creates a "phantom" entitlement the market treats as a real share. These "phantom shares" are supposed to be temporary in duration and few in number. Loopholes, however, are exploited on such a scale, and phantom shares are so persistent, they are corrupting the U.S. equity markets in three ways.

(1) Phantom shares warp corporate governance by inflating the number of voting shares. Bob Drummond (Bloomberg Markets) reported in April 2006, "The results of high-stakes company decisions may hinge on the invisible influence of millions of votes [i.e., phantom shares] that shouldn't be counted." In an analysis of 341 corporate votes in 2005 by the Securities Transfer Association, there was evidence of overvoting in all 341 cases.

(2) Phantom shares distort share prices by flooding the market with excess supply. In July 2006, SEC Chairman Christopher Cox said "abusive naked short sales ... can be used as a tool to drive down a company's stock price to the detriment of all of its investors." The creation and sale of phantom shares has become a common means to manipulate share prices in U.S. equity markets.

(3) Phantom shares create systemic risk. According to the Depository Trust and Clearing Corp. (DTCC), on any given day "fails to deliver and receive amount to about $6 billion daily ... or about 1½ percent of the dollar volume." Bradley Abelow, a former DTCC director, says FTDs within the settlement system "occur as a matter of course with great regularity," and calls them "endemic." The stock market has turned into a game of "musical chairs" where claims of ownership exceed shares issued. What happens when the music stops?

In a weak attempt to curb abusive naked short selling and reduce outstanding FTDs, the SEC implemented Regulation SHO in January 2005. Regulation SHO requires the stock exchanges to publish daily a list of "threshold securities" — companies that through no fault of their own have FTDs in excess of 0.5 percent of their outstanding shares. More than 6,000 companies have appeared on these Threshold Lists — many for hundreds of consecutive trading days. For these companies, Regulation SHO does not work.

Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) data received from the SEC reveal that FTDs have been as high as 10 percent of the average daily trading volume on the New York Stock Exchange and Nasdaq. FOIA data also reveal that, for many companies, FTDs are a significant portion of their total shares outstanding — in at least one case more than 45 percent.

Economists, the U.S. Chamber of Commerce, members of Congress, public companies, and hundreds of informed investors have urged the SEC to adopt a G.O.L.D. standard: G, eliminate Regulation SHO's Grandfather clause; O, eliminate Regulation SHO's Options market maker exception; L, require short-sellers to Locate and borrow shares before selling them; and D, require the exchanges to Disclose fully and promptly the aggregate FTDs for every Threshold List company.

To its credit, the SEC is working to fix two significant loopholes in Regulation SHO by eliminating the grandfather clause (final phase-in on Dec. 3, 2007) and by proposing to eliminate the options market maker exception (proposed, but not yet adopted).

However, these half-measures will not stop the creation of phantom shares. Will the SEC finish the job? That remains to be seen. According to a recent Senate Judiciary Committee report, the SEC is riddled with conflicts of interest that prevent it from properly policing brokers who are guilty of securities crimes. If the SEC does not act to protect investors, it falls to Congress to adopt the G.O.L.D. standard and bring an end to market distortion caused by phantom shares.

Jonathan E. Johnson III is senior vice president of corporate affairs and legal at Overstock.com Inc., a Nasdaq-listed firm on the Regulation SHO Threshold List for 642 consecutive trading days and counting.

Jonathan E. Johnson III's letter to the SEC


May 19, 2011

Elizabeth M. Murphy Secretary

U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission 100 F Street NE Washington, DC 20549-1090

RE: Release Nos. 34–64383; File No. 4–627 Short Sale Reporting Study Required by Dodd-Frank Act Section 417(a)(2)

Dear Ms. Murphy:

Overstock.com, Inc. appreciates the opportunity to respond to the U.S. Securities and Exchange

Commission‟s request for comments (76 Fed. Reg. 26787 (May 9, 2011)) on the short selling

studies required by Section 417(a)(2) of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer

Protection Act of 2010 („the Act‟).

The statutory mission of the Commission is to protect investors, maintain fair, orderly, and efficient markets, and facilitate capital formation. Section 417(a)(2) of the Act advances that mission. Specifically, Section 417(a)(2)(B) requires the Commission to study the feasibility, benefits, and costs of conducting a voluntary pilot program in which public companies would

agree to have all trades of their shares marked „„long,‟‟ „„short,‟‟ and/or „„market maker short‟,‟ and „„buy‟‟ and/or „„buy to cover‟‟ and reported in real time through the Consolidated Tape.

Overstock.com believes that implementation of a disclosure pilot program that adds long, short, and market maker trade designations to the consolidated tape will help investors and regulators to understand price movements. Legitimate market participants benefit from such real-time trading transparency. Accordingly, we urge the Commission to implement as soon as is practical a pilot program that allows companies to opt-in to the program.

<rest snipped due to formatting issue>

Overstock.com welcomes the opportunity to comment on Section 417(a)(2) of the Dodd-Frank Act. Real-time trade reporting will likely improve


There are many cases against banks (including Swiss banks) who have been convicted of fraud and other criminal actions. Nobody seems to care as it is business as usual for some banks to break the law and just pay the price, like a parking ticket. Of course it brings bad publicity but they have enough money to buy the best publicists and fix their image. Here's one example of many many:

In what a federal judge called “a brazen fraud,” the bank was found liable for bad mortgages sold by its Countrywide unit to Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. A federal judge on Wednesday ordered Bank of America to pay $1.27 billion in damages over shoddy mortgages sold to Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac just before the housing crisis.



In 2007, an 17 member FDA advisory panel of experts voted overwhelmingly to approve Provenge, Dendreon's prostate cancer immunotherapy biologic agent. The panel voted that Provenge is safe and effective. Subsequently two of the doctors on the panel who unbelievably had received wavers from FDA of their conflict of interest -- and there is debate whether they disclosed all their conflicts of interests, rallied against Provenge's approval. And Provenge did not get approved. And meanwhile in the US alone some 30,000 advanced stage prostate cancer men die every year, and about 1/2 of them do not consider chemotherapy to be a viable option because of its terrible side effects. Provenge has virtually no side effects. Let's face it. The chemo people and the hedge funds that bet hugely against Provenge won!

A lawsuit has been filed by Caretolive against the FDA and details can be found here: http://caretolive.com/LawsuitLinks.html

Kerry M. Donahue, the trial attorney for defendants, representing some prostate cancer patients, etc. is an angel.

The following story is the best account of this horrible misery that the a bunch of suckers orchestrated against life, against goodness, against ethics, and all that stands for decency, in favor of money. It is a sad account of how money has become the new God in the minds of some people.

__________________________________________________________ .

13 DEC 2007

Congressmen Mike Michaud, Dan Burton, Tim Ryan called on the House Energy and Commerce Committee to conduct a hearing to examine the conflict of interests governing the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and its recent decision on failing to approve licensure of Provenge.

“Many ethical questions remain about the two panelists who voted no on approving this drug,” Michaud said.  “I believe that the FDA should not be appointing scientists leading the testing of a rival drug for another firm onto an advisory committee evaluating Provenge. Congress needs to get to the bottom of this.  I believe a full disclosure is necessary in order to restore confidence in the FDA.”

“We need to ensure that the FDA gets life-saving drugs to the market as quickly and as safely as possible,” Michaud stated.  “Our priority is to ensure the prompt and efficient approval of therapies such as Provenge that could potentially benefit millions of Americans with cancer.”


interesting post on an alleged panic meeting to help shoot down the approval of a safe effective agent for dying men :



Jonathan Aschoff of Brean Murray is a class act. He is a security analyst who impersonated doctor in order to get confidential information. I came across this web page which is quite funny (and sad). He was fined by the NASD.



Very  interesting discussion about Drs. Maha Hussain and Howard Scher, conflict of interest, chemotherapy vs. immunotherapy, etc.:


Here is the html version: CTLfinalversion17mocontradismiss.html


This is one heck of a post. I do not know if all the allegations are true but IF they are true, they unfold a core of evil at the FDA and shows how power play can mean lost lives.

Pazdurs fun house.....or Pazdurs house of horrors for the patients - Pazdurs playhouse.....or Pazdurs house of horrors for patients



This is an extremely interesting reading:




October 9, 2007 at 02:33:16

FDA Industry Insiders Derail Approval of New Cancer Treatments

by Evelyn Pringle 


FDA Industry Insiders Derail Approval of New Cancer Treatments

George W Bush's FDA, stacked with insiders from the industry that literally carried him to Washington, has stooped to a new low to protect the obscene profits of the multi-billion dollar cancer industry by blocking the approval of a new class of immunotherapies that can extend the lives of dying cancer patients with minimal side effects.

In the May 14, 2007, Wall Street Journal, a former medical officer in the FDA Office of Oncology Products, Dr Mark Thornton, denounced the FDA's decisions, and stated, "May 9, 2007, should be cited in the annals of cancer immunotherapy as Black Wednesday."

"Within an eight-hour period that day," he wrote, "the FDA succeeded in killing not one but two safe, promising therapies designed and developed to act by stimulating a patient's immune system against cancer."

Experts say, the new immunotherapies hold promise for many forms of cancer. "FDA's hubris will affect the lives and possibly the life spans of cancer patients from nearly every demographic, from elderly men with prostate cancer to young children with the rarest of bone cancers," according to Dr Thornton.

With the approval of the new therapies, the profits, along with the horrendous side effects of the only treatments now available, could become a thing of the past. "One day current treatment approaches such as surgery, radiation and chemotherapy, which often kill most but not all of a cancer, could be made obsolete by a potent immune response that eradicates the cancer cells and provides subsequent protection against return and relapse," Dr Thornton wrote.

As such, the new therapies pose a grave threat to the cancer industry as a whole, and the lost profits would not be limited to the sale of products. The pharmaceutical giants have spent a small fortune to gain control of every segment of the industry, from researchers to government regulators, and every year, billions of dollars flow through a nationwide network of research institutions and treatment providers under the guise of finding a cure for cancer.

However, the profits up for grabs have become so enormous that critics say the goal of industry-controlled research is no longer focused on finding a cure for cancer to save lives. Instead, the focus is on thwarting the development and approval of new therapies in order to protect the profits of the treatments already on the market.

The FDA's refusal to approve Provenge, a new immunotherapy vaccine manufactured by the Dendreon Corporation, has caused major outrage in the cancer community. Provenge supporters have sent thousands upon thousands of letters and other correspondence to the FDA, members of Congress, the Department of Justice and others.

In addition, the Ohio-based non-profit corporation, CareToLive, has filed a lawsuit on behalf of terminal cancer patients seeking a declaratory judgment that the FDA acted "arbitrarily" and "capriciously" by denying patients access to Provenge, in violation of their constitutional right to live.

Dendreon sought approval to treat late-stage androgen-independent prostate cancer (AIPC) patients who have no other options. A study presented to an FDA Advisory Committee at a March 29, 2007, meeting showed that, after 36 months, 34% of the men who received Provenge in a clinical trial were still alive, compared to only 11% of those who received a placebo.

Provenge is designed to stimulate the patient's own immune system to specifically attack only cancer cells, unlike chemo drugs that attack any fast-growing line of cells.

Patients who qualify for Provenge have already had their prostates removed or have undergone radiation and hormone therapy. Eligible patients receive a one-time round of treatment consisting of 3 visits to a urologist's or oncologist's office to give blood, and 3 visits for the blood enhanced with Provenge to be infused back into the body.

On September 10, 2007, CareToLive filed a motion asking the court to issue an order enjoining the FDA from denying the marketing and distribution of Provenge. The plaintiffs charge that within six months, another 15,000 patients will have died waiting for justice.

The memorandum filed with the motion points out that the only available treatment approved for terminal AIPC in the last 42 years is a chemo drug, Taxotere. "The effectiveness of Taxotere," it states, "is so superficial, and the side effects so severe, that most men decline the treatment, as the risks far outweigh the benefits."

According to the filing, between 300 and 600 patients per year die from the Taxotere treatment itself. "This is truly amazing," the memo states, "considering the cost of the treatment and the cost of hospitalization and that the average benefit is an increase in survival of only 2 ½ months."

In contrast, the Provenge safety profile is so good that nobody has died from it and less than one in four patients experience side effects consisting of mild flu-like symptoms lasting one or two days, the memo notes.

The defendants named in the lawsuit include Mike Leavitt, Secretary of the US Department of Health and Human Services; FDA Commissioner Andrew von Eschenbach; Dr Richard Pazdur, head of the FDA's Office of Oncologic Drug Division, and Dr Howard Scher, chosen by Dr Pazdur to serve on the advisory panel set up to review the approval of Provenge.

CareToLive is represented pro bono by Attorney Kerry Donahue, of the Dublin, Ohio law firm Bellinger & Donahue, while the FDA officials are represented by a legal team of 11 government attorneys, at last count, funded by tax dollars.

The plaintiffs allege that the defendants engaged in a conspiracy to prevent the approval of Provenge and that Dr Pazdur, "purposely located two conflicted oncologists who he was sure for a variety of reasons would be anti-Provenge and he instructed them to try to derail the approval of Provenge."

The plaintiffs charge that, by choosing Dr Scher, and also Dr Maha Hussain, to serve on the advisory panel, Dr Pazdur "likely found two of the most conflicted oncologists in the country to sit in judgment of Provenge, and who would both assuredly continue his plot to lobby others at the FDA to vote for non-approval."

At the behest of Dr Pazdur, and for their own future political and monetary gain, the plaintiffs claim, "these two oncologists did everything they could think of to obstruct and impede the approval of Provenge."

The waiver of conflicts of interest granted by the FDA to Dr Hussain, which allowed her sit on the panel, reveals that she is the lead investigator on a research contract awarded by a company that competes with Dendreon, and her husband owns stock in three competing companies valued at between $15,000 and $300,000.

The lawsuit alleges that, as part of the conspiracy, on May 9, 2007, the FDA denied terminally-ill patients access to Provenge, even though the FDA Advisory Committee recommended approval, found the vaccine safe by a 17-0 vote and found there was "substantial evidence" of efficacy with Provenge by a 13-4 vote.

In an attempt to derail an approval recommendation by the panel, the plaintiffs claim that, prior to the vote on efficacy, Dr Pazdur and "his co-conspirators changed the statutory question regarding efficacy from 'substantial evidence' to 'absolute certainty' of efficacy, in an effort to obtain a 'no' vote on Provenge."

However, during the voting, this manipulation was discovered and promptly corrected by the FDA's Dr Celia Witten and Dr Jesse Goodman, and by an overwhelming majority, the panel voted "yes" to the revised efficacy question.

"It is unprecedented for the FDA to overturn the Advisory Committee on such a positive vote when men are out of options, delaying approval and asking for more trials," according to CareToLive spokesman Mike Kearny in an August 2, 2007, press release.

"Men are dying now," he states. "They do not have years to wait."

In the case of Provenge's approval, the profits at stake could not be higher. Prostate cancer is the most common non-skin cancer in the US and the third most common cancer worldwide. More than one million men in the US have prostate cancer, with an estimated 232,000 new cases diagnosed each year and more than 30,000 men face death from the disease each year.

As an initial treatment, when diagnosed with prostate cancer, most men have their prostate removed, or undergo radiation, which can lead to various degrees of incontinence and impotence. After the initial treatments fails, hormone therapy is given to block the production of androgens such as testosterone, needed for cancer cells to grow, and some men undergo testicle removal in an attempt to stop the androgens from spreading the cancer.

With AIPC patients, prostate cancer has usually gone into remission and then returned, spreading to other parts of the body including the bones, lymph nodes, bladder, rectum, liver and lungs. All men who do not die of other causes progress to the final stage where the cells no longer respond to hormone therapy. Provenge is intended for use by patients who have already failed other types of therapy.

Because Taxotere is the only approved drug, Sanofi would have suffered the greatest immediate loss had Provenge been approved. According to firm's 2006 Annual Report, Taxotere was the company's 4th best-selling product in 2006, and the US is listed as the number one country contributing to sales.

As far as profits per dose, in the February 7, 2007, article, "What Does It Cost to Have Cancer?", a patient who received the chemo drug for breast cancer in 2006 reported that "each infusion of Taxotere cost over $16,000."

She also stated: "That's just for the drug, not administration or anything."

According to the lawsuit, defendant Dr Scher, Chief Genitourinary Oncology Service, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, is a scientific advisor and lead trial investigator for a competitor of Dendreon called Novacea. Under faculty disclosures at the University of Michigan, Dr Hussain is listed as an advisory board member of Novacea, and she receives research funding from Sanofi.

Dr Scher also has an interest in ProQuest Investments, which stood to reap windfall profits if Provenge was not approved. ProQuest is a venture capital fund established in 1998, in large part by Michael Milken, who was given the nickname "Junk Bond King," after being indicted on nearly 100 counts of insider trading and sentenced to 10 years in prison, in addition to being barred from the securities industry for life.

The ProQuest fund was established with a specific focus on prostate cancer, and SEC filings show that ProQuest and its principals are major shareholders of Novacea.

Citing documents from ProQuest, the plaintiffs allege that Dr Scher is a "ProQuest Executive" and "member of the Board of Directors", ProQuest reaps millions of dollars investing in prostate cancer companies based on advice from doctors such as Dr Scher, and ProQuest own stock in direct competitors including Novacea.

Dr Scher receives compensation from ProQuest as a scientific advisor recommending investments and for conducting clinical trials that result from the investments. He also holds an ownership interest in ProQuest.

The lawsuit also alleges that Dr Scher receives research support from the Prostate Cancer Foundation, as well as financial benefits, as one of a consortium of members who reviews new research on cancer drugs to determine which grants should be awarded by the Foundation.

The PCF, also founded by Mr Milken, is one of the largest sources of funding for the National Cancer Institute and government research programs. A following of the tangled web involved in the PCF reveals that Dr Jonathan Simons, President of the Foundation, Dr Stuart Holden, Medical Director, and Dr Howard Soule, an Executive Vice President of the Foundation, are all scientific advisors to ProQuest.

Another research arm found to be infested with several of the same insiders is the Prostrate Cancer Research Program, within the Department of Defense, which since 1997 has been appropriated a total of $730 million by Congress. According to a PCRP report, "Today, the PCRP is the second leading source of extramural prostate cancer research funding in the United States."

The PCRP funds a Clinical Consortium Award to support the creation of a major multi-institutional clinical trial resource, "to speed development of novel therapeutics that will ultimately decrease the impact of the disease."

Here, too, Dr Scher is listed as the leader of the consortium, and the list of participating clinical sites and lead investigators includes none other than Dr Hussain. Dr Simons is listed as developing new clinical therapeutics for late-stage prostate cancer, but a review of upcoming research listed in the report shows immunotherapies are not in the cards.

These consortium members are invaluable to the industry and investors due to their unique access to insider information about clinical trials and influence over the FDA approval process. Evidence of this claim came on May 30, 2007, less than 3 weeks after approval for Provenge was denied, when Novacea announced an agreement with Schering-Plough worth over $450 million, in which Schering agreed to jointly fund and develop Asentar, a competing prostate cancer drug, for which Dr Scher happens to be the lead investigator.

"The partnership leverages Novacea's existing capabilities with Schering-Plough's experienced development, regulatory and commercial teams and will provide Novacea with an opportunity to support the commercialization of Asentar in the United States," John Walker, company chairman and interim CEO, stated in a May 30, 2007 press release.

A May 2000 ProQuest document provides insight about the investment firm's interest in Asentar's success and states: "ProQuest Investments is a $100 million oncology-focused investment fund, partnered by Jeremy Goldberg and Jay Moorin."

Mr Moorin owned 1,910,988 shares of Novacea stock at the time of a May 15, 2006, SEC filing, and the ProQuest document mentions an investment from Domain Associates, "whose general partner, Jim Blair, has also worked with the fund to plot its strategy."

As it turns out, Mr Blair and Mr Moorin were both members of Novacea's board of directors when the Schering deal was set up. However, apparently their services are no longer needed, because on August 30, 2007, Novacea announced the resignation of James Blair and Jay Moorin, effective September 4, 2007, and September 19, 2007, respectively.

All that said, it does not take a financial genius to figure out that this whole deal could have gone up in smoke had Provenge been approved, because there would have been a drastic drop in the enrollment of late-stage cancer patients in clinical trials as soon as they learned that there was a new vaccine that could not only increase their survival rate but allow them to live out their final days without the agonizing side effects of chemotherapy.

Provenge's approval also would have caused many patients currently participating in trials to drop out. Novacea's 2006 Annual Report filed on April 2, 2007, less than 2 months before the Shering announcement, warned that the "clinical development and regulatory approval processes inherently contain significant risks and uncertainties."

The report shows Novacea was going broke trying to keep the Asentar trials running, with research and development expenses associated with the drug of $12.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2006, up from $7.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2005.

The $5.6 million increase was due primarily to the Phase 3 Asentar trial, and the filing warns that Novacea could experience many delays in getting its product to market due to problems in trials including, "patient enrollment may be slower than expected at trial sites due to factors including the limited number of, and substantial competition for, suitable patients with the particular types of cancer required for enrollment in our clinical trials".

It also notes that there "is a limited number of, and substantial competition for, suitable sites to conduct our clinical trials; clinical trial sites may terminate our clinical trials"; "patients and medical investigators may be unwilling or unable to follow our clinical trial protocols;" and "patients may fail to complete our clinical trials once enrolled."

In addition, another ongoing trial is evaluating Asentar as part of a combination therapy for AIPC patients with Sanofi's Taxotere. If safety or efficacy issues arise with Taxotere, the annual report warns, Novacea could experience significant regulatory delays, and the clinical trial may need to be terminated or redesigned.

Even if Asentar were to receive FDA approval, Novacea would continue to be subject to the risks that could arise with Taxotere or that Taxotere may be replaced as the standard of care for AIPC. "This could result in Asentar ™ being removed from the market or being less commercially successful," the report states.

Ironically, in one of 3 derogatory letters sent to the FDA urging the non-approval of Provenge leaked to the media following the failed efforts to rig the advisory panel vote, Dr Scher discussed the same fatal effects that the approval could have on the research industry. "An approval recommendation has far reaching implications beyond making the product available that the data simply do not support or justify," he wrote.

Approval would provide the Agency's endorsement of Provenge as a "standard of care" for men with AICP, he said, and by extension, elevate Provenge "to a position of being the new 'control' arm for future randomized phase 3 trials that are being designed for the regulatory approval of any new experimental agent or approach."

In other words, all the billions of dollars invested in the clinical trials now underway, or set to begin, conducted in hopes of gaining FDA approval for a new ACIP treatment, could go right down the drain if Provenge is approved as the first-line treatment for this patient population.

Dr Scher is probably more aware of this fact than anybody. On February 26, 2007, MedPage Today reported that in a satellite symposium titled, "Improving Upon Current Standards: The Integration of Novel Therapies in the Treatment of Androgen-Independent Prostate Cancer," sponsored by Novacea, Dr Scher said Taxotere-based combination therapy is being investigated in a dozen clinical trials for ACIP patients, and he reported receiving grants and research support from both Novacea and Sanofi.



CTL Lawsuit Reflections

After reading the better part of Kerry's unbelievable legal work I am left with the following basic questions that I hope the Judge will carefully consider prior to making his decision in the CTL case.

How often is the head of CDER present at a CBER AC meeting?

How often is the Substantial Efficacy question miss-worded at AC Meetings?

How often are such conflicted AC panelists permitted to attend AC's & vote?

How often are letters leaked post AC to influence an FDA decision?

How often has the FDA overruled a positive AC vote for a late stage disease?

How often does the SI in a stock increase markedly after considering the above?

How often has the media been so negative after considering the above?

Obviously, there are many other questions that can be added to the list (i.e. Von E's speeches for one). My point and opinion is that the more oddities/irregularities that are introduced to the list the more clear it becomes how unbelievably jaded and corrupt the Provenge travesty was. Of course none of this information is new to anyone here; I just pray that the Judge lets his eyes be opened as wide as ours have.

One very big thank you to Kerry and all the other incredibly selfless people here that have given so much! IMHO you will all take up a bigger chapter in history than is readily apparent today.


A great letter to Hon. Senator Charles (Chuck) Grassley regarding Howard Scher's letter:



On Michael Milken:


Michael Milken and the Prostate Cancer Foundation’s Foul Balls:


Picture of Michael Milken and Andy Von Eschenbach and Picture of Mike Milken & Howard Scher:



Good article in Nature about the crooked elements working to delay a life extending safe agent from reaching terminal patients:


Quoting from the article:

"At least one of the Office of Cellular, Tissue and Gene Therapies Advisory Committee members who voted against Provenge and then wrote to FDA to criticize the approval recommendation—Howard Scher of Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center—failed to disclose important competing financial interests. Scher is a scientific advisory board member of venture capital firm ProQuest, which owns an 8.3% stake in Novacea, a company that was developing a competing prostate cancer drug, Asentar. Scher also happens to be the lead investigator in Asentar trials."


Here's an interesting post about Howard Scher, Maha Hussain, etc.



5 reasons the E&C should conduct the investigation


A post by KDDublin (reprinted with permission): http://www.investorvillage.com/smbd.asp?mb=971&mn=199222&pt=msg&mid=4876203 Hey, hey FDA, ain’t no way were ever going to go away.

Trust me when I tell you, that not only does the FDA monitor this site, but so does their counsel.

Here is an open letter:

Listen up FDA. We are never, ever, going to go away!!!

Tomorrow is merely one day. ONE DAY!! It is merely the first day in the rest of your lives!!

While I am confident that Andy’s days are numbered for his complete incompetence in running the FDA, you other career bureaucrats, Pazdur, Woodcock and Goodman, need to know that we will be here for you every step of the rest of your pathetic careers. You get to look forward to our presence for many years to come!

This grass roots movement has just begun. We are just now starting the fight. We grow stronger by the week. The CareToLive web site has thousands of new and unique visitors to its site every week. The word is spreading fast now and you can’t stop it anymore. Once the world knows of your misdeeds you will no longer be able to hide amongst your fellow corrupt brethren.

While you and your big pharma buddies laugh and giggle and plot against little biotech companies like Dendreon, so you can maintain your big bucks status quo, and seek to climb you career ladders and grab what power you think you can, those who are trying hard to make Cancer a treatable condition rather than a deadly disease, will expose those Andy bullshit “bridge not a barrier” speeches that he makes in the name of politics for the benefits of Congress, and the real advocates fighting on the front lines of the war on cancer will continue to fight the number one barrier to winning that war,…...THE CORRUPT FDA!!!!!!!!!

Tomorrow it is Coast to Coast demonstrations and that will be a nice start. But you need to understand it is merely A START! Next we are coming to MLB ballparks throughout the country, and then to back to Rockville, and this time there won’t be two hundred people in Rockville, there will be two thousand!

Men are dying while Woodcock, Pazdur and the FDA are wined and dined by big pharma. Men are dying while Scher lines his pockets at the expense of the patients he is sworn to protect. Men are dying while your friends profit. NO MORE!!!!!

Stand up 2 cancer. You bet we will. Those at CareToLive know where the front lines are and we will keep reinforcing those lines until we defeat cancer and the enemy that stands in the way of the patient’s ability to win that war, which those with knowledge know to be YOU!!!!!


Words of Howard Scher at the panel meeting. Makes you really wonder if this jackass is in the pocket of Big Pharma and/or hedge funds who had a lot to lose on Provenge's approval? Only ones who lost were dying cancer patients who were denied a life extending safe biologic agent.


Does anyone remember Dr. Scher's answer to the 2nd question? Here is is...

I wonder what he meant? About what was he concerned? Hmmmmmmmm...what could possibly be on his mind?  Asentar?  Naw!

DR. MULÉ: Dr. Scher?

2 DR. SCHER: I think we are really

3 poised at the beginning of what will be

4 hopefully an outstanding era of

5 immunotherapy. I think there is sufficient

6 evidence demonstrated which justifies the

7 definitive study, and obviously there are

8 investors in that who concurred, but I think

9 it does not meet the -- as the question was

10 phrased, to establish the efficacy. I think

11 this is still an open question.

12 DR. MULÉ: So I take it you're

13 saying yes with these provisos?

14 DR. SCHER: We have two

15 questions. I would say yes to one, no to

16 the second. The first question as posed, as

17 established, I say no.

18 DR. MULÉ: No, it's substantial

19 evidence.

20 DR. SCHER: I will say no.

Original Content at http://www.opednews.com/articles/genera_evelyn_p_080108_bush_s_fda___perpetu.htm

Reprinted with permission

January 8, 2008

Bush's FDA - Perpetual Leaker of Insider Information

By Evelyn Pringle

Bush's FDA - Perpetual Leaker of Insider Information

The steady leaking of insider information about products under review by the FDA has caused enormous losses for average American investors since the Bush Administration took control of the agency six years ago.

There are several ways that investors can profit from this type of insider information. The first is obvious, buy the stock because approval of a product will almost certainly raise a company's stock value. Investors who know about the decision ahead of time can bet the farm based on that information.

But investors who are tipped off that a product will not be approved can do the opposite. They can bet that company's stock value will fall by selling the stock short knowing full-well that the minute the news of non-approval becomes public, the stock's value will drop like a rock.

When the leaking of this type of information occurs, the losers are always the investors who play by the rules and make bets based on the best public information available. Unfortunately, in many instances, these are the very people who can least afford the loss.

One high-ranking member of the Bush Administration's FDA, Dr Richard Pazdur, has been one of the leakers in two cases involving cancer drugs that caused investors to lose vast amounts of money.

The first case devastated investors when a company's stock value dropped more than $1.5 billion in less than 3 weeks after Dr Pazdur tipped off the Cancer Leadership Council's legal counsel Samuel Turner that the FDA planned to reject the application for approval of a cancer drug the week before the decision was scheduled to be sent to the main sponsor, ImClone, on December 28, 2001.

At that time, Mr Turner also was a registered lobbyist for a number of pharmaceutical companies, including Bristol-Myers Squibb, which just happens to be the largest manufacturer of chemotherapeutic drugs.

Bristol-Meyer tipped off ImClone owners Harlan and Sam Waxal, and family members immediately started selling their stock. An investigation by the SEC later determined that the Waksals sold more than $10 million worth of stock in the 48 hours before the FDA's rejection of the application for drug was made public.

According to a June 16, 2002 report on Newsbytes News Network, short sellers also made millions by placing bets that ImClone's stock value would fall in the weeks before the FDA publicly rejected the application.

The House Committee on Energy and Commerce investigated the insider trading in this case, and a subcommittee held a hearing on June 13, 2002. At the start, the chairman noted that there were two stories here.

One, he said, "will be more fully told by the SEC and the Justice Department as it examines how the FDA process and what appears to be some rather amoristic players conspired in a way that allowed insider trading to potentially occur and an awful lot of investors to lose a lot of money while insiders were trading on information that was available only to them."

"The other story," he noted, "is about the process at FDA and how the FDA process allowed this to happen."

A transcript of the hearings shows that when members of Congress asked directly who within the FDA leaked the information to Bristol-Myers, Dr Pazdur and the rest of the Bush Administration officials talked in circles and never answered.

But in the end, somebody pulled some strings because Dr Pazdur got off Scott free, which probably accounts for his lack of fear when engaging in similar, behind-the-scenes activities in 2007.

In the more recent case, the continued short selling in Dendreon's stock following the Provenge Advisory Committee meeting of March 29, 2006, despite the fact that the Committee recommended approval of the drug, surely indicates that information leaked to Wall Street from inside the FDA guaranteed that the drug would not be approved.

On May 9, 2007, when Dendreon announced to the public that the FDA had issued the company a Complete Response Letter instead of an approval letter, the market value of Dendreon dropped more than 60% in one day.

The known people behind the "leaks" in this case are Dr Pazdur, along 2 members of the Advisory Committee who were chosen to participate on the panel by Dr Pazdur. When persons serve on these committees, they become "special government employees," and are subject to the same rules and regulations as all government employees.

When the Provenge Committee recommended approval, there were two votes taken. The first was on safety and the vote was 17-0 that the drug was safe. The second was on efficacy and the vote was 13-4 that the drug demonstrated "substantial evidence" of efficacy, the federally mandated standard.

The approval of this new cancer vaccine represented a grave threat to the multi-billion dollar chemotherapy industry. Dendreon is the first company to seek approval of a drug in a promising new class of immunotherapies that direct the body's own immune system to attack only cancer cells, unlike chemotherapy which destroys cancer cells but damages healthy cells and the immune system as well.

Provenge sought approval to treat men in the final stage of prostate cancer whose only option is months of chemotherapy with the drug Taxotere, which causes debilitating side effects and extends life on average 2.5 months.

In applying for approval, Dendreon submitted a study that showed 3 injections of Provenge extended life by nearly double that chemotherapy and the side effects, if any, consisted of flu-like symptoms for one or 2 days.

If the new immunotherapies turn out to be as effective as some experts claim, chemotherapy and radiation treatments could become obsolete in the not to distant future. Dr Pazdur knew this all too well. In fact, his fear was that if Provenge were to be approved, it would establish a new standard of care for late stage prostate cancer patients and from then on testing of new therapies would be up against Provenge.

He was also ticked off about the fact that the FDA had chosen the Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research to control the Provenge Advisory Committee instead of the Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, which he controlled.

So as a back-door means of regaining control, he recruited his two partners in crime, Dr Howard Scher, from the Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, and Dr Maha Hussain, from Michigan University, to serve on the Advisory Committee to assist him in thwarting Dendreon's bid for the approval of Provenge.

Both of these doctors have made a fortune from their involvement in the cancer treatment and research racket over the past 2 decades. And they also stood to lose a fortune if the chemo-cartel was dismantled.

Investors had every reason to believe that Provenge would be approved once the Advisory Committee voted for approval. The FDA had never refused to follow a recommendation by its own experts to approve a drug for dying cancer patients who had no other options.

While testifying at the hearing, Dr David Penson, Associate Professor of Urology and Preventative Medicine at the University of Southern California, told the panel: "If you turn this drug down, it will likely set back the innovative field of active cellular immunotherapy in cancer many, many years."

He warned that the Committee's decision "will not only affect prostate cancer patients, but it may have an effect on the larger population of oncology patients in general."

Dr Hussain and Dr Scher were positioned on the panel to do everything in their power to make sure the vaccine was not approved. But their best efforts failed and within two weeks after the panel voted to approve the Provenge, Dendreon stock had nearly tripled in value and analysts were predicting that the vaccine could bring in $1 billion annually.

However, it was soon obvious that something was up, because the short sellers were still betting millions that the stock value would fall. On April 29, 2007, Bloomberg reported that shares were being sold short "at a record pace" as investors "bet the company's experimental prostate-cancer drug will fail to win approval from U.S. regulators."

All totalled, 33.9 million shares were sold short by the end of April. In hindsight, figuring out why people would engage in such risky betting was a no-brainer. The only people who could have known that Dendreon stock was headed for a nose-dive on May 9, 2007, because the FDA was going to overrule it's own panel by denying the approval of a cancer drug for dying patients for the first time in history, were the people who made it happen.

As late as May 7, 2007, Prohost Biotechnology, a firm that evaluates companies and publishes a monthly newsletter for investors, was calling Dendreon a good investment on its web site, stating: We Have A New Pick "DENDERON AGAIN."

The web site went on to explain why the firm was predicting that the short sellers were wrong in betting against the company, by stating in part:

This time, positive investors/analysts are determined to neutralize the shorters' efforts. Why not, if the verdict is expected in 10 days only and the committee, which was appointed by the FDA itself has already voted 17-0 in favor of safety and 13-4 in favor of efficacy?

We are with the approval, Prohost said. "As a matter of fact, we expect it on May 15, based on many facts, the most important is the result of the FDA committee's voting."

The firm noted that the experts on the panel would not have been chosen by the FDA if they were not highly regarded researchers, medical doctors, and academicians, and stated:

"If the results of voting would have been 50-50, we would have understood the need for the FDA to take a stand. But with a landslide voting in favor of approval, we do not see why the FDA should hesitate to follow the committee's recommendation of approval.

"Besides, the vaccine is safe. It acts synergistically with the available treatments and it helped desperate patients survive advanced prostate cancer."

But as it turns out, another plot was put in action immediately after the news came out that the panel recommended approval, in which government officials at the FDA and the National Cancer Institute worked with Dr Scher, and probably Dr Hussain, to compose letters with bogus reasons why the FDA should not follow the recommendation.

Once the rough drafts were edited, the letters were sent to the FDA by email and hardcopy, and leaked for publication on the internet by "The Cancer Letter," which just happens to be the same rag used to leak insider information in the ImClone case.

The overly dramatic Dr Scher, even went so far as to tell Thomas Fleming, another doctor who just happened to send a letter to the FDA, disparaging Provenge, which was also put out on the internet by "The Cancer Letter," that he could not sleep because he was so concerned over the possibility of patients being harmed if Provenge was approved and that's why he wrote the letter. Dr Fleming then noted that he could not sleep either.

This is an utterly ridiculous remark coming from Dr Scher, considering that he and Dr Hussain voted with the majority 17-0 that Provenge was safe at the hearing.

The pharmaceutical companies that stood to benefit the most from the non-approval of Provenge were Novacea, Schering-Plough and Sanofi-Aventis because they have billions of dollars invested in research, drug trials, and cancer treatments involving therapies that would compete directly with Provenge for the same late stage prostate cancer patients.

Dr Scher and Dr Hussain, as well as her husband, are involved in dozens of studies conducted by the same companies. Both Dr Scher and Dr Hussain are consultants and members of the scientific advisory board for Novacea, which produces Asentar together with Schering-Plough.

Asentar would directly compete with Provenge and at the time of the Advisory Committee hearing, Dr Scher was the co-lead investigator on trials of Asentar

According to www.portfolio.com, Dr Scher is also an officer, member of the Board of Directors, and a member of the Scientific Advisory Board of ProQuest Investments, which was had mega-bucks invested in Novacea during 2007. However, for some odd reason, ProQuest's web site no longer lists the names for the Scientific Advisory Board.

Dr Scher and Dr Hussain have also both received research funding from Sanofi-Aventis the maker of Taxotere.

A review of Dr Hussain's most current resume in fact, shows that she's been on one long global junket funded by the cancer treatment and research racket for close to 2 decades. She apparently began her journey in Bagdad, Iraq, in1980, and 2 years later she was in the UK and a year after that she ended up in Detroit, Michigan.

It looks like her home base has been Ann Arbor, Michigan since late 2002, that is in between her 6 trips to Canada, 3 to Hawaii, 3 to Puerto Rico, 2 to St Thomas, 2 to Barcelona, and at least 1 trip to Japan, China, Jordon, Lisbon, Monte Carlo, Bermuda, and Austria, in addition to her 17 trips to California, 9 to Chicago, 4 to New Orleans, 5 to New York, 9 to Florida, and at least 38 trips to other states.

The list of excursions certainly demonstrates that the good doctor enjoyed quite a lot of travel on someone else's dime. In fact, her hotel fees alone would put a bonifide hooker to shame.

Its impossible to determine the amount of "research" funding funneled her way because the amount is redacted for half of the grants listed. But at a bare minimum, she had at least 28 million "current" reasons to sabotage the approval of Provenge.

Under "Current Grant Support," she lists 11 grants, although 5 have no amounts. But the total for the other 6 comes to over $28 million, and she will be receiving income from a few of these grants for several more years.

Dr Hussain also lists another 2 grants as submitted, with all information redacted. She lists 5 under "Active Research," all involving treatments for late stage prostate cancer, but not one includes the amount. No dates are listed for these 5 grants either, which makes it impossible to estimate how long she intends to profit from this research.

The doctor also lists 30 funding sources under "Past", but only 6 have amounts. The total for those 6 comes to more than $20 million, so it would probably be safe to say that if all amounts were to be listed, Dr Hussain had at least 100 million good reasons to derail the approval of Provenge.

All the plotting by persons benefiting from the non-approval of Provenge might have gone undetected if not for the non-profit advocacy group, Care-To-Live. The group filed a lawsuit in Federal court against officials in charge of the FDA, including Dr Pazdur and Dr Scher, seeking an injunction to overturn the FDA's decision and to make Provenge available immediately to extend the lives of dying prostate cancer patients.

By filing the lawsuit, the group was able to gain access to a lot of information and after reading much of it, one thing's for sure, the government officials involved in this sick plot will never be accused of wasting time on the clock worrying about dying cancer victims.

Another case of leaking occurred on March 1, 2006, when the FDA sent a letter to the Canadian investment firm, Infinium Capital, that said the agency would allow testing for a generic version of Vancocin, marketed by ViroPharma, to be conducted in a test tube.

Two weeks later, after allowing plenty of time for persons with the inside information to position themselves to make a killing in the stock market, Infinium issued a report on ViroPharma stating, "Generics . . . sooner than you think".

According to an SEC filing by ViroPharma, Infinium's report was the first public disclosure of the new testing standard and:

"ViroPharma itself had not previously heard that OGD had lowered its BE standard for Vancocin. Nor it would seem, except those to whom OGD had privately communicated, had anyone else."

ViroPharma's filing went on to note that Infinium's report stated:

"Our recent communications with the FDA regarding the approval process for a potential generic competitor to Vancocin lead us to believe a generic could enter the market 1-2 years sooner than current expectations."

What "recent communications with FDA" might mean, the filing states, beyond the March 1, 2006 letter to Infinium, is unclear to ViroPharma. On March 16, 2006, Medindia.com dropped a bombshell when it informed the public of the news by quoting analysts at Infinium as saying it could mean a generic version would be available by early 2008.

"Previously, generic manufacturers may not have been interested in developing this therapeutic due to its low revenue potential; however, with the recent sales growth of 133 percent in 2005, Vancocin is now on the radar screen," an Infinium analyst told Medindia.

Infinium's announcement caused shares of ViroPharma "to dip by about 33 percent," according to Medindia. But in fact, Infinium's report triggered a multi-day stock sell-off that cut the company's market capitalization by 40%, or roughly $500,000,000.

The approval process prior to the FDA's unexpected announcement required trials to be conducted on humans. ViroPharma has filed a Petition to stop the approval of generic versions with allegations that the FDA violated the Freedom of Information Act, the Data Quality Act, the Administrative Procedure Act, and its own Standards of Conduct.

Vancocin is used to treat hospital-acquired bacterial infections in the lower gastrointestinal tract caused by the bacterium Clostridium difficile. In order to be effective, the drug must be released in one specific section of the intestines, making its release mechanism far more difficult to replicate than other drugs.

The release of an ineffective version of Vancocin at this point in time would be especially dangerous because recent studies have shown that cases of Clostridium difficile-associated disease (CDAD) are increasing world-world. The disease causes 400,000 cases of diarrhea and colitis each year in the US, according to the US Department of Veterans Affairs.

In addition, a paper by Michel Warney, et al., entitled, "Toxin Production by an Emerging Strain of Clostridium difficile Associated with Outbreaks of Severe Disease in North America and Europe," in the September 2005 Lancet medical journal, reported a new strain of C difficile that produces up to 23 times more toxins than previous strains; this strain has been implicated as the cause of a more severe form of the disease

A May 11, 2007, report by the Pennsylvania Health Care Cost Containment Council said that in 2005, patients with CDAD were hospitalized 2-and-a-half times longer, charged over twice as much, and were 4 times as likely to die as patients without the disease.

On average, the report notes, patients with CDAD remain in the hospital almost 7 days longer at a cost of $73,576, verses the average charge of $30,833 for patients without the disease. A November 2007 report entitled, "The Emerging Infectious Challenge of Clostridium difficile-Associated Disease in Massachusetts Hospitals: Clinical and Economic Consequences," cites a "conservative estimate" of the annual cost for CDAD management in the US as $3.2 billion.

People treated with antibiotics are at the highest risk because antibiotics disrupt the balance of bacteria in the GI tract, which allows C difficile bacteria to multiply. CDAD is highly infectious and can spread by contact with patients or touching surfaces contaminated with C difficile spores. The severity of the disease ranges from mild cases of diarrhea to painful colitis, bloodstream infections or death.

Years ago, CDAD was almost exclusively limited to patients in hospital or long-term care settings where infectious diseases spread easily. But there are now widespread reports of patients developing CDAD outside hospital settings, referred to as "community-acquired" CDAD, and with no antibiotic exposure.

Recent studies indicate that many cases may be caused by proton pump inhibitor drugs which inhibit the production of gastric acid in the stomach that acts as a defense against bacteria and spores, widely used by persons with ulcers and other GI illnesses.

The December 21, 2005, Journal of American Medical Association published a report by Canadian researchers based on studies that determined that gastric acid-suppressant drugs were associated with the rising cases of community-acquired CDAD.

The researchers used the United Kingdom General Practice Research Database and identified all 1,672 cases of CDAD recorded between 1994 and 2004 and found that 1,233, or 74%, of the patients had not been hospitalized in the year prior to the diagnosis and were considered community-acquired.

The study showed the increase in community-acquired cases rose from less than 1 per 100,000 in 1994 to 22 per 100,000 in 2004 and during this same period, prescriptions for antibiotics had decreased while prescriptions for proton pump inhibitors had increased.

The first course of treatment for CDAD caused by antibiotics is to stop the antibiotics. But if diarrhea continues and becomes severe, Vancocin is a treatment of last resort for very sick patients which means there is no room for error.

The FDA claims that dissolution testing for the generic version can be done by creating a test tube solution that replicates the environment in the lower intestine. But experts say it would be next to impossible to replicate the GI tracts of very ill and elderly patients to determine whether the generic version will work the same in the targeted area.

Experts also point out that drug interactions, such as those in patients on proton pump inhibitors would make it hard to develop a solution that would replicate the GI tract.

The approval of an ineffective generic version of Vancocin, will subject millions of people to potentially fatal risks because the patients who end up being treated with this medication will have no second chances if it fails.

The FDA is currently under attack for doing the exact same thing by not requiring adequate testing for the generic version of the antidepressant Wellbutrin. The FDA approved the generic in 2006 and after a steady stream of patients reported that they were experiencing serious side effects, testing by ConsumerLabs, revealed that the time release rate of the active ingredient was much faster than the release rate in the original drug.

The consumer-product testing group, ConsumerLab began investigating the drug after Joe and Terry Graedon, authors of The People's Pharmacy column, came to the group with complaints received from readers of their column. While the Graedons had received complaints about generic drugs before, "we had never received this volume of response," Joe Graedon, a pharmacologist, told MSNBC on October 12, 2007.

"In almost all cases people were saying their depression returned," he said. Users also complained about severe headaches, digestive problems, insomnia, anxiety, and tremors.

ConsumerLab performed dissolution testing on 6 samples of each medication and found that even though both contained the same amount of the active ingredient, the generic released nearly 50% of the ingredient in the first 4 hours verses 25% by Wellbutrin.

"It's been an eye-opener for everyone," ConsumerLab President, Dr Tod Cooperman, told MSNBC. "It makes you question whether generics are always going to be equivalent to the original product."

"If these things are releasing at such different rates," he advised, "it's hard to believe they'd be acting the same way in your body."

"It would seem very difficult to imagine that the results we saw would be acceptable results," Dr Cooperman told MSNBC.

He pointed out that the release of the active ingredient more quickly could mean there is less medication available to the patient later, and may explain why patients experienced a return of their depression.

He said a time-release problem might also explain why patients experienced more side effects, such as headache, irritability and nausea, if they received a high dose of the medicine upfront. "Too much Wellbutrin can cause side effects, even the potential for seizure," he told MSNBC.

The Canadian firm Biovial filed a petition with the FDA in 2005, asking the agency to require generic makers to conduct more rigorous testing of generic versions of Wellbutrin prior to their approval but apparently the agency ignored the request.

An agency spokesperson told MSNBC that the FDA does not require generic makers to do clinical trials on hundreds or thousands of people as required for name brand drugs. It only requires lab data and "bioequivalence" testing in about 24 to 36 healthy volunteers showing that the drug enters the bloodstream in a similar manner to the original product.

Since the generic version was approved, millions of consumers have switched to the drug to save money which means a high number of patients may be experiencing serious side effects without knowledge of the cause. Experts say this whole problem could have been avoided had testing on humans been conducted to check the release mechanism before millions of scripts were written.

"Sustained release mechanisms are not that easy to develop, and they tend to be proprietary in nature," Michael Katz, clinical associate professor of pharmacy practice and science at the University of Arizona College of Pharmacy told MSNBC.

"It would be difficult for a generic manufacturer to reproduce the same release characteristics as the brand-name product," he stated.

"Such differences clearly could have an impact on patients," he said, "and my view is that sustained-release products are among the relatively short list of products that should not be switched."

Experts say the time release characteristics would be even more difficult to replicate in a generic version of Vancocin, where the concern is not just about how much of the drug is released into the blood stream but rather in one specific section of the GI tract.

The leaking of information in the Vancocin case is reminiscent of a major scandal that erupted during the first Bush Administration in 1989, when FDA officials were charged with taking bribes from generic makers and sharing insider information.

On August 28, 1989, Time magazine reported that an investigation by the Justice Department had uncovered evidence that "some makers of generic pharmaceuticals falsified laboratory test results and paid off FDA chemists to gain quick Government approval for their products."

In that case, Charles Chang the head of the FDA's generic division and two co-workers pleaded guilty to accepting a total of $24,300 in illegal gifts in exchange for preferential treatment for certain generic makers in July 1989, according to the Time report.

In the end, the generic scandal during the first Bush Administration landed Mr Chang in federal prison and caused 42 others and 10 companies to be convicted on charges of fraud and corruption and the FDA Commissioner Frank Young resigned in November 1989.

The crooks in the current Bush Administration's FDA deserve the same fate.

Evelyn Pringle


(Evelyn Pringle is a columnist for OpEd News and an investigative reporter focused on exposing corruption in government and corporate America)

Authors Bio: Evelyn Pringle is a columnist for OpEd News and investigative journalist focused on exposing corruption in government and corporate America.

__________________________________________________________ .


It Is especially important to give Martin a very harsh sentence. He has set himself up as Some sort of an  Icon among the youth because he owns the only copy of a rap album.  If you let him off the hook easily, he will  wiggle his nose at you ??????????  and negatively influence people  that his kind of behavior is acceptable,  and that’ll further contribute to the decadence. It’ll also embolden other such miscreant on Wall Street who will think they can weasels their way out of Breaking the law

No jail means fraud is acceptable

__________________________________________________________ .

large short sale position in Orexigen Therapeutics, Inc. ("OREX") in MSMB Capital's brokerage

account at Merrill, Lynch, Pierce, Fenner & Smith, Incorporated ("Merrill Lynch"). Specifically,

SHKRELI sold short over 32 million shares of OREX. Contrary to SHKRELI' s representations

to Merrill Lynch, MSMB Capital had failed to locate OREX shares to borrow in order to settle

MSMB Capital's short sales. As a result, MSMB Capital failed to settle a short position of over

11 million shares of OREX, which Merrill Lynch ultimately closed at a loss of over $7 million.

In addition to the losses in the Merrill Lynch account, MSMB Capital suffered over $1 million in

other trading losses in approximately February 2011. Based on these trading losses, the value of

assets in MSMB Capital's bank and brokerage accounts, not including the OREX losses at

Merrill Lynch, declined from more than $1.12 million on or about January 31, 2011 to $58,500

at the end of February 2011.


 Why the hell is ML just trusting a hedge fund manager saying, yes we’ve located !!

__________________________________________________________ .

On September 9, 2010, Mr. Shkreli sent an email to an FDA official requesting to be included in an upcoming advisory committee panel on a drug which Shkreli absolutely had no expertise on, let alone the fact that he has no formal education or credentials in medicine, biology, etc. -- just a big ego who thinks without any qualifications he should sit on a FDA advisory panel!! Unbelievable, evil arrogance. 

__________________________________________________________ .

After four years as an associate at Cramer Berkowitz, Shkreli worked as an analyst with Intrepid Capital Management and UBS Wealth Management, and an associate for Cramer Berkowitz.[12][when?] before starting his first hedge fund, Elea Capital Management, in approximately 2006.[13]

In September 2009, Shkreli launched MSMB Capital Management,[6][14] which takes its name after the initials of the two founding Portfolio Managers, Shkreli and Marek Biestek.[10][11]


In 2011, Shkreli filed requests with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to reject a new cancer diagnostic device from Navidea Biopharmaceuticals and an inhalable insulin therapy from MannKind Corporation while publicly short-selling both companies' stocks, the values of which dropped after Shkreli's interventions; the companies had difficulty launching the products as a result, although the FDA ultimately approved both therapies.[11][15]

The scum did the same things to Avanir, hurting us shareholders a lot, and lied about his contribution to charity from profit of short sale.


Around 2008, Shkreli started a second hedge fund, MSMB, a name made from his initials and those of his business partner and childhood friend, Marek Biestek. They developed a reputation for shorting biotech companies and then using stock chat rooms and other aggressive tactics to savage them, to cause the stock to go down.

__________________________________________________________ .

15 January 2016


USA v. Shkreli et al., CRIMINAL CASE # 1:15-cr-00637-KAM-1 (Filed 12/14/2015)

To (via Fedex): 

Honorable Kiyo A. Matsumoto, United States District Judge, Eastern District of New York, United States Courthouse, 225 Cadman Plaza East, Brooklyn, NY 11201, Secretary:(718) 613-2180


Honorable Robert M. Levy, United States Magistrate Judge, Eastern District of New York, United States Courthouse, 225 Cadman Plaza East, Brooklyn, NY 11201, Secretary: (718) 613-2340, Law Clerk: (718) 613-2340

United States Department of Justice

Eastern District of New York (EDNY), 271 Cadman Plaza East, Brooklyn, NY 11201

Mr. Robert L. Capers – United States Attorney

718-254-6023, Fax: 718-254-7499, robert.capers@usdoj.gov

Mr. Winston M. Paes – Chief, Business and Securities Fraud Section

718-254-6023, Fax: 718-254-7499, winston.paes@usdoj.gov (alternate: Mr. James Loonam, AUSA 718-254-7520)

Ms. Alixandra Eleis Smith – Assistant US Attorney

718-254-6370, Fax: 718-254-6076, alixandra.smith@usdoj.gov (alternate: Ms. Veronica Di Mattia 718-254-6043, Ms. Patricia Di Meglio 718-254-6226)

Federal Bureau of Investigation

935 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW., Washington, D.C. 20535-0001. (202) 324-3000.

Mr. James B. Comey – Director, FBI

Mr. Diego Rodriguez – Assistant Director in Charge, FBI

Mr. Michael Harpster – Special Agents in Charge, FBI

Ms. Lilian Perez – Supervisory Special Agent, FBI

Mr. Christopher Delzotto, Mr. Michael Braconi – FBI agents

U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, 100 F Street, NE, Washington, DC 20549

Ms. Mary Jo White, Chair, SEC, (202) 551-2100, chairmancorres@sec.gov, fax: 202-772-9200

Mr. Andrew J. Ceresney, Director, Division of Enforcement, SEC (CeresneyA@sec.gov)

Mr. Andrew M. Calamari, Director, New York Regional Office, SEC (calamaria@sec.gov)

Mr. Sanjay Wadhwa, Supervisor, SEC (WadhwaS@sec.gov)

Mr. Gerald Gross, Mr. Eric Schmidt, Ms. Melissa Coppola, Mr. Paul Gizzi – SEC

Mr. Richard G. Ketchum, Chairman & Chief Executive Officer, FINRA

1735 K Street, Washington DC, 20006, (301) 590-6500 richard.ketchum@finra.org

Dear Honorable Kiyo A. Matsumoto: 


Congratulations to the DOJ, SEC, FINRA, FBI, and others involved in bringing Martin Shkreli to justice. He’s a terrible person who deserves to get maximum sentence and no leniency.


There are two cases before you against Martin Shkreli, a civil and a criminal one. The criminal case was filed on 12/14/2015 for:

The Civil case was brought by the SEC which charged Shkreli with violating:


I am writing to humbly ask you to not have mercy on defendant Shkreli and impose the toughest conditions, restrictions, and penalties on him. I unfortunately came across Shkreli long before he became famous for his allegedly immoral act of pumping the price of a life-saving drug by more than 5000%, and for buying the only copy of a Rap album.

I was a victim in a short&distort scheme which Shkreli conducted, and he claims to have made a lot of money from it. The allegations in the cases at bar mention his naked-shorting shares of another company and lying to the broker about it. This tells you how corrupt the system is: any hedge fund manager can lie to a broker and have the broker sell property which he does not own and has not borrowed.

I speak on behalf of Main Street investors who are regularly defrauded by Wall Street’s rigged games. The aforementioned cases represent everything that is wrong on Wall Street: arrogance, greed, dishonesty, lies, fraud, and the attitude of being above the law.

I beg you to not have mercy on Martin Shkreli. For Wall Street miscreants paying a fine is the equivalent of a parking ticket – it’s business as usual afterwards. It was disappointing to hear that the SEC made a deal with Stevie Cohen, the billionaire hedge fund manager running SAC Capital. The only thing that sends the right signal is prison time.

Shkreli represents a huge crisis in morality. He was “schooled” at Jim Cramer’s hedge fund. Cramer is on record for saying “truth is your enemy” and that “you should not do anything remotely truthful when in hedge fund mode”. Main Street is regularly the victim of these lies – people who invest their hard-earned money do not have the same access to information, insider tips, clout, journalists and analysts who bat for big money, and bank accounts to compete with the miscreants who abuse those things.

We The People need the Judiciary to teach a lesson to these miscreants.

There are many many Shkrelis running wild on Wall Street. He just happened to get caught. By punishing him to the full extent of law you send a signal to the others, and diffuse his attempts to portray his actions as ok, cool, acceptable, normal.

On the other hand, if convicted, if you let him off the hook easy (lack of prison time) this will send a strong signal that his conduct is acceptable – that one can “get away with murder” on Wall Street and buy one’s way out.

Shkreli is an arrogant and unrepentant person who’s acted as though he’s above the law. Since being arrested and released on bail, he’s been trying to drum up public support by appealing to the younger section of society who are electronically well connected. DOJ needs to send the signal to the society that there’s nothing “cool” about being a miscreants, a criminal, a fraudster, if he’s convicted.

Thank you very much for your consideration to this message.

All the very best


__________________________________________________________ .

14 December 2017


USA v. Shkreli et al., CRIMINAL CASE # 1:15-cr-00637-KAM-1 (Filed 12/14/2015)

To: Honorable Kiyo A. Matsumoto, United States District Judge, Eastern District of New York, United States Courthouse, 225 Cadman Plaza East, Brooklyn, NY 11201, Secretary:(718) 613-2180

Cc: Ms. Alixandra Eleis Smith – US Attorney

718-254-6370, Fax: 718-254-6076, alixandra.smith@usdoj.gov

Dear Honorable Matsumoto:

 As I have brought to your attention before, I am one of Shkreli’s victims. I know others too in the same shoes as me where that crook engaged in deceptive and highly immoral activities to enrich himself at the cost of us little people.

 That crook has no respect for truth whatsoever. We are so happy you put him behind bars, and we encourage you to please give him the MAXIMUM sentence allowed by law. Otherwise, being the evil man he is, he will influence the society that crime pays off.

 Thanks for being as harsh on him as possible. It will also send a very important and badly needed sign to other criminal entities including some on Wall Street that justice will catch up with you. 

Many Thanks & Best regards

__________________________________________________________ .


USA v. Shkreli et al., CRIMINAL CASE # 1:15-cr-00637-KAM-1 (Filed 12/14/2015)

  Honorable Kiyo A. Matsumoto, United States District Judge, Eastern District of New York, United States Courthouse, 225 Cadman Plaza East, Brooklyn, NY 11201, Secretary:(718) 613-2180 Fax: (718) 613-2185.

Dear Honorable Matsumoto:

 I am still having nightmares from the pain that Martin Shkreli put us through by his fraud. Please give him a very harsh sentence. He should rot in prison. 20 years will set a great example in society that malicious, intentional fraud doesn't pay.

Many thanks. Looking forward to hearing your tough sentencing of that crook.

Kind Regards

__________________________________________________________ .


USA v. Shkreli et al., CRIMINAL CASE # 1:15-cr-00637-KAM-1 (Filed 12/14/2015)


08 September 2017 

To: Honorable Kiyo A. Matsumoto, United States District Judge, Eastern District of New York, United States Courthouse, 225 Cadman Plaza East, Brooklyn, NY 11201, Secretary:(718) 613-2180 Fax: (718) 613-2185.

Cc: Ms. Alixandra Eleis Smith – US Attorney

718-254-6370, Fax: 718-254-6076, alixandra.smith@usdoj.gov

Dear Honorable Matsumoto:

Please refer to my letter of 15 Jan 2016, reprinted for you convenience below.

Martin Shkreli is an evil person who has intentionally harmed many people. I was one of his many victims and I know other victims who are too afraid to speak out.  I lost a lot of money because of that crook.  He lied through his teeth after he shorted a stock I owned and used his media connections such as Seeking Alpha to propagate his lies and misinformation.  I can provide you any details necessary. He made a lot of money on this trade, as he boasted about in a subsequent article after he covered his short position. During that time, which spanned over a year, many investors suffered due to his hurting the company and its stock by his malicious actions.

He further promised to donate a large portion of his gain to charity, which he never did. I had correspondence with him about he subject.

Lastly, he is corrupting minds of young people on social media. It’s important that he is imprisoned for the maximum sentence of 20 years, to send a signal to  a) the investment community  b) young people  that such criminal, evil, dishonest, arrogant behavior has no place in our great society which is founded on values which Shkreli opposes.

Many thanks for your consideration and sentencing that criminal to the maximum sentence, and immediately revoking his bail as the prosecutor has demanded.

Best regards

__________________________________________________________ .

GREAT NEWS. Martin Shkreli got a 7 year prison sentence. Can't tell you how good this feels after what that scum did to biotech investors which his deception, lies, and fraud.  I had a number of direct interactions with the crook, and called him out on his lies.

 __________________________________________________________ .

 December 17, 2015 ·


FBI, SEC & DOJ finally caught up with a very evil hedge fund manager who'd hurt many investors, and allegedly defrauded many.

Martin Shkreli shorted and distorted biotech stocks and has recently been in news as the most hated man in America. He was finally arrested today on securities fraud charges. Hallelujah!

I came across him when he shorted AVNR and distorted the strength of their intellectual property by misinformation -- typical "short & distort". He made a ton of money off that immoral act and promised to give a big chunk to charity and last time I checked he still hadn't done it.

Of course he was proven dead wrong. The company's patents were rock solid as a couple of analysts I respect thought... Shkreli shorted the stock at around 4 and covered at around 2 -- later the company was bought for around 17/share.

Shkreli is so self-obsessed that he's uploading videos of himself sleeping all night, on youtube. Who in their right mind would spend hours watching someone sleep?! LOL...

Recently he became famous for increasing the price of a life saving medicine from $13.50 to $700. Scum!

Here are some letters that I wrote to regulators that mention him.

Finally he's caught. His arrogance and disrespect for law has made him tweet the way after his arrest that the charges are bogus. Well, these are easy cases because the trade confirmations and fund transfers all leave records. Plus, it seems like some insiders are cooperating with law enforcement.

It's part of Wall Street's corruption to deny charges, whilst, pleading guilty will get him a much lower sentence but I doubt he's humble and wise enough to go that route. On the other hand, I don't think he's stupid enough to want to go to trial because given his track record I wouldn't be surprised at getting maximum sentence.

He embodies everything that's wrong on Wall Street: greed, corruption, lies, arrogance, and thinking you're above the law.

__________________________________________________________ .

It's gotten better. SAC Capital doesn't exist any more and a few years ago nobody thought that empire of Stevie Cohen would ever vanish. I've spoken with SEC and FINRA and helped them investigate some miscreants. There are too many of them out there and so they try to go after the biggest ones and hope that slapping them would teach the smaller fish to behave. Here's the results of one investigation. This one made reverse conversions stop!!

Just in: SEC is suing him for fraud as well (civil suite). So the scum is now under investigation by both Department of Justice and Securities & Exchange Commission. SEC is after him for the past 5 years, lying to investors, etc.

One of my letters about that scum had a visit from The Associated Press, New York today.

A reporter who met him said he looks pale and looks like a vampire. One can't be too healthy when living a life of lies, deceit, cheating other people, fraud, and thinking one is above the law. He embodies everything that is wrong on Wall Street with the worship of money, as the new god.

Talk about Karma, the scumbag had a $7M loss on OREX. That's more than double the his undeserved gain in AVNR which he made through misinformation and damaging many investors. I wouldn't touch OREX with a 10 foot pole because Contrave has very heavy side effects.

Basically the FEDs have got an evil punk by his private parts and I hope, given how bad this person is, they send him behind bars.

The scum posted a video of him hanging up when FBI special agent. His ex-boss Jim Cramer, who should also be behind bars, tore up a SEC subpoena, on TV! Cramer is on record for saying truth is the enemy! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VMuEis3byY4 What lowlives these guys are. Add to the list Adam Feuerstein who works for Cramer's organization, TheStreet.com -- he's on record for publishing falsehoods as facts -- these scums have no reservation putting convenience ahead of truth!

__________________________________________________________ .

3 March 2018


USA v. Shkreli et al., CRIMINAL CASE # 1:15-cr-00637-KAM-1 (Filed 12/14/2015)


Honorable Kiyo A. Matsumoto, United States District Judge, Eastern District of New York, United States Courthouse, 225 Cadman Plaza East, Brooklyn, NY 11201, Secretary:(718) 613-2180, Fax: (718) 613-2185


Ms. Alixandra Eleis Smith – Assistant US Attorney

718-254-6370, Fax: 718-254-6076, alixandra.smith@usdoj.gov

Dear Honorable Kiyo A. Matsumoto:

Please do not believe Martin Shkreli. He would say anything to get a lower sentence. Reading the lines he wrote to you, and knowing him from the past, and what a crooked liar he is, I humbly recommend that you do not believe him. It takes a lot more than a few months in jail to change this bad person who’s consistently acted as he’s above the law. He needs a humiliating long sentence to truly teach him a lesson. 

The “I should have known better” in his letter probably refers to “getting caught” and not “acting morally”. The roots of immoral behavior, having no respect for truth, having no care about hurting other humans, is so deep rooted in this evil person’s mind, that a short prison sentence is not enough to correct that.

Also, please consider the kind of message a short sentence would sent to other crooks and people he inspires: that you can get defraud people, cheat, lie, steal, do everything illegal and immoral, and away with a 2 year prison sentence.

Please give this bad person maximum sentence allowed by law. He’s hurt many people you’ve never seen in the court, people like me, and others I know whom he damaged by his immoral behaviors.

Many thanks and kind regards